The AMS 100th Anniversary Campaign provides a focused institutional mechanism for AMS members and organizations involved in the atmospheric and related sciences and services to make meaningful contributions to the advancement of their science and to societal betterment. AMS relies on external support to implement programs, such as the AMS fellowship and scholarship programs. The AMS Giving Program also provides support in the following areas:
Through the support of member contributions to the AMS 100th Anniversary Campaign, AMS is able to award minority scholarships and graduate fellowships to outstanding individuals pursuing degrees in the atmospheric and related sciences.
NASA’s Earth Science Division is dedicated to studying the Earth from space to advance our scientific understanding of the global integrated Earth system and meet societal needs. The Earth Observing System (EOS) deployed by NASA in the 1990s has provided an unprecedented comprehensive capability to measure global climate change. The data from EOS and other Earth-observing satellites have allowed scientists to characterize, understand, and predict variability and trends in the Earth system and its components. NASA now embarks on a new series of platforms of well calibrated, highly accurate, and stable Earth observations from space. Together with the continued progress in Earth system and climate modeling, NASA provides unique perspectives and insights into the intricate workings of the coupled natural-human system of the only planet that we know to be capable of sustaining life. These advancements serve the scientific community, decision-makers, resource managers, and the public.
NASA’s Earth Science Division has six science focus areas:
NASA’s Earth Science Division sponsors four AMS/Industry/Government Graduate Fellowships each year. NASA places particular emphasis on the applicant’s ability and interest in pursuing academic training and research using NASA Earth observations and model results. See http://nasascience.nasa.gov/earth-science for further details on the strategic plans and program content.
Established in October 2005, NOAA’s Climate Program Office (CPO) provides strategic guidance and oversight for the agency’s climate science and services programs. These programs enhance climate observations, monitoring, and data analysis; advance climate research and modeling; and develop and deliver climate information to decision makers. The CPO funds high-priority climate research to advance understanding of climate variability and change, atmospheric and ocean processes, and climate impacts resulting in draught and other stresses. The CPO funds climate research in most regions of the United States and at the national and international scale, including in the Arctic. The CPO also leads NOAA climate education and outreach activities.
NOAA is a leading provider of weather, water, and climate information to the nation and the world. NOAA’s climate mission is to “understand and describe climate variability and change to enhance society’s ability to plan and respond.” Its long-term climate efforts are designed to strengthen our predictive understanding of variability and change in the global climate system, and to advance the application of this information in climate-sensitive sectors through a suite of research, observations and modeling, and application and assessment activities.
Specifically, NOAA’s climate program objectives are to
These objectives are being achieved through three distinct, yet integrated, programs: Climate Observations and Monitoring, Climate Research and Modeling, and Climate Information Services.
The National Weather Service (NWS) provides weather, water, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters, and ocean areas, for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. NWS data and products form a national information database and infrastructure that can be used by other governmental agencies, the private sector, the public, and the global community.
Weather, water, and climate events cause an average of approximately 600 deaths and $14 billion in damage per year and are responsible for some 90% of all presidentially declared disasters. About one-third of the U.S. economy—some $3 trillion—is sensitive to weather and climate.
To meet the growing need for weather, water, and climate information, NWS utilizes state-of-the-art technology to issue timely and accurate forecasts, watches, and warnings for all types of hazards. With nearly 5,000 dedicated people working in 122 weather forecast offices, 13 river forecast centers, 9 national centers, and other support offices around the country, NWS provides a national infrastructure to gather and process data worldwide. Each year, NWS collects some 76 billion observations and issues approximately 1.5 million forecasts and 50,000 warnings.
NWS staff also use trained community volunteers to enhance weather service operations. These observers collect weather data that become part of the nation’s climate records, and citizen storm spotters provide NWS with visual confirmation of severe weather events.
As environmental information becomes more sophisticated, complete, and available to all, the public’s environmental literacy becomes more important. NWS outreach and education activities focus on making sure the public understands the information NWS provides and can use it effectively to make decisions.
Atmospheric System Research (ASR) is one of the largest global climate research programs supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). It was created in FY 2010 to help resolve scientific uncertainties related to atmospheric climate processes. Managed by DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research, the primary goal of ASR is to improve the treatment of cloud, aerosol, and radiation physics in regional and global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models.
The ASR Program promotes the usage of atmospheric measurements at three permanently instrumented DOE research sites at locales representative of the Earth’s major climate regimes (arctic, tropical, and midlatitudes). Two units of mobile facility with many of the same capabilities as the fixed sites also gather atmospheric data for a period of up to 18 months at any desired geographic locations. ARM measurements allow ASR scientists to research a broad range of issues that span surface-based remote sensing, physical process investigation and modeling of cloud, aerosol, and radiation processes. The ASR science team has made significant contributions to radiative transfer theory and applications, ground-based remote sensing of cloud and aerosol properties, cloud process modeling, and cloud and radiation parameterizations for global climate models. Many new science components in the Community Earth Ssystem Model (CESM) are developed by ASR scientists.
ASR research activities are carried out at national laboratories, universities, and private institutions, and are selected through competitive, merit review processes.
Leveraging over 40 years experience, ITT Exelis is a world leader in the development and production of reliable climate and environmental monitoring sensors, systems, subsystems and software. These solutions, coupled with expert engineering services, capture, process, visualize, and analyze Earth images, climate change, and other environmental data. Commercial and government customers use this information to monitor and predict weather and climate change, and to conduct scientific research, all vital in forming national policy, protecting and saving lives and property, ensuring efficient and effective commerce and economic growth, and creating a more livable environment.
Lockheed Martin Corporation (LMC), headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, has a long history of service to the meteorological community. LMC built and launched the world’s first weather satellite, TIROS I, in 1960 and since that time has deployed over 100 satellites (accommodating over 600 instruments) to observe the Earth and the sun, including all of the NOAA and Defense Department polar-orbiting operational satellites (POES and DMSP). Continuing this proud heritage, LMC was recently awarded the contract to build the spacecraft for the latest generation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite series R (GOES-R). LMC also builds instruments that satellites carry, such as the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) that flew on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite and detected chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in the stratosphere, and the Solar X-ray imager (SXI) flying on the current GOES satellites. For GOES-R LMC is building two new instruments: the solar ultraviolet imager (SUVI) and the geostationary lightning mapper (GLM). LMC is also a world leader in ground-based weather systems, including the NEXRAD weather surveillance radar deployed at over 150 sites in this country and abroad, the tropospheric wind profiler radar deployed at over 35 sites in this country, and more recently, laser radar systems designed to detect wind shear and wake vortex conditions at airports. The Corporation builds a range of meteorological and oceanographic sensors, including expendable probes that collect data on the physical properties of the ocean and upper atmosphere, which are used by the National Weather Service and other customers. Exploiting data gathered by meteorological sensors requires integrated weather systems and in this area LMC provides systems to the Department of Defense and civil agencies to ingest environmental data from low-earth-orbiting and geostationary satellites, both domestic and international, and generate analysis and forecast products. Integrated system solutions are also provided for international customers such as the National Integrated Meteorological and Hydrological Forecast Systems for Romania. Lockheed Martin is a total system provider with a proud heritage—and we never forget who we’re working for.
Northrop Grumman provides scientific and technology-based systems and service solutions to government and commercial clients worldwide. Northrop Grumman is recognized for innovative methods of applying technology and science to solve mission challenges, including moving science data into actionable information for policy and decisions. One of Northrop Grumman’s leading initiatives has been its role as prime contractor for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System or NPOESS. NPOESS is a system designed to deliver science-quality weather and climate products and information as part of the national environmental monitoring system. The United States’ operational polar-orbiting weather satellites also serve as one of the U.S. government’s flagship international S&T partnerships with Europe and their polar satellite weather system, MeTOP. The NPOESS design delivers ten times the data of current systems four times faster through the globally distributed facilities of the SafetyNet™ ground system trademarked by Northrop Grumman. Prior to NPOESS, Northrop Grumman delivered NASA Earth Observing Systems series Aqua and Aura satellites as part of their much-heralded “A-Train” satellites. Northrop Grumman developed and built the NOAA National Weather Service’s (NWS) initial Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS), the integrating element for the modernization of the NWS in the 1990s. Technologies developed by Northrop Grumman, such as AWIPS, have paved the way for application in other commercial, governmental, and international weather programs, including to the Department of Defense and the Air Force Weather Agency. Northrop Grumman also operates and maintains the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) Data Receipt and Distribution Facility for the NOAA National Weather Service. At Northrop Grumman, the intellectual capacity and vision of its people to sustain mission improvements with its government partners are among the company’s most valued assets.
SAIC is a FORTUNE 500® scientific, engineering, and technology applications company that uses its deep domain knowledge to solve problems of vital importance to the nation and the world in national security, energy and the environment, critical infrastructure, and health. The company’s approximately 45,000 employees serve customers in the U.S. Department of Defense, the intelligence community, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, other U.S. government civil agencies and selected commercial markets. Revenues for the fiscal year that ended January 31, 2020, were $10.85 billion, up 8 percent from $10.07 in fiscal year 2009.
SAIC’s Advanced Science and Engineering Operation (ASEO), operating within the Global Preparedness, Science, and Recovery Business Unit, offers a broad range of expertise in Earth, space and environmental sciences applications, software and computer systems engineering, and integrated meteorological and environmental system implementation. Our employees have strengths in technical and scientific disciplines, including the physical sciences of meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, chemistry, atmospheric science, and hydrology, and in all aspects of computer science. Our technical and scientific staff are located in the Washington, D.C., area, California, Virginia, Mississippi, and several other states. ASEO has a rich history of providing quality science, systems integration, data management, and engineering support to NASA, NOAA, U.S. Navy, FAA, and other satisfied customers. Specific contracts provide scientific support services to NASA Goddard’s Science and Exploration Directorate organizations, including the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, the Laboratory for Atmospheres, and the Hydroscopic and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory. Our NOAA projects include support to the Office of Science and Technology and the National Data Buoy Center. For the FAA, we provide engineering, installation, and integration support for the FAA’s next-generation surface surveillance system; engineering, technical, and management support for all of FAA’s ground-based navigation and landing aids program; and research and management support for the development and maintenance of Airport Advisory Circulars.
SAIC ASEO is pleased to be a sponsor of the AMS graduate fellowship program.