The Henry G. Houghton Award is given to an individual in recognition of research achievement in the fields of physical meteorology, physical climatology, atmospheric chemistry, or hydrology.
Nominations are considered by the Atmospheric Research Awards Committee, which makes a recommendation for final approval by AMS Council.
It is intended that the Meisinger and Houghton Awards between them embrace all facets of atmospheric and hydrologic research so that workers in all branches of these sciences shall be eligible for one or the other. Nominations for the Meisinger and Houghton Awards may be pooled at the discretion of the Atmospheric Research Awards Committee (i.e., a Meisinger Award nominee may be considered for the Houghton Award and vice versa).
Thank you for your interest in submitting a nomination! AMS membership is not required to submit an award nomination. Nominations are due by 1 May. The nominator is responsible for uploading the entire nomination package.
“Early career” is nominally taken to include scientists who are within 10 years of having earned their highest graduate degree or within 15 years of having earned their baccalaureate. Consideration will also be given, however, to those who are still in the early stage of their careers but have seen these interrupted for up to 5–10 years by family leaves, military service, and the like.
Henry Garrett Houghton received his BS in 1926 from the Drexel Institute of Technology; his SM in electrical engineering in 1927 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was a member of the research staff at MIT's Round Hill Research Station from 1928 to 1938. He became assistant professor of meteorology at MIT in 1939, associate professor and executive officer of the Department of Meteorology in 1942, and professor and head of the department in 1945, serving until his retirement in 1970.
At Round Hill, his meteorological work dealt with the fundamental physical properties of fog, equipment and methods for measuring fog particles, and the transmission of light and infrared radiation through fog and clouds. These studies led to the development in 1934 of one of the first practically tested ways of artificially dissipating fog over local areas by the use of calcium chloride spray.
During World War II he trained weather personnel for the Army and Navy and was a member of several committees working on infrared and heat radiation as well as meteorological and de-icing problems. His research focused on the nature of atmospheric condensation processes and the transmission of light and infrared radiation through fog and clouds, resulting in a new research field now known as cloud physics.
In addition, he was a member of the University Meteorological Committee, which coordinated military training programs in meteorology and advised the armed services on technical problems in meteorology. He also served as chairman of the panel on meteorology of the Joint Research and Development Board and chairman of the panel for weather and upper air research of the Scientific Advisory Board to the Commanding General of the Air Forces.
Houghton was instrumental in the formation of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research in 1959 and served as first chairman of its board. In 1958, Houghton received the Charles F. Brooks Award from the AMS and was an honorary member of the Society, serving as its president (1946-1948) and as secretary (1956-57).