Choosing a Journal and Submission Type

Submission Types

For those interested in submitting to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS), please see the BAMS Article Types section lower on this page. BAMS does not follow the submission types outlined below.

  • Articles: Up to 7500 words (approximately 26 double-spaced pages), including the body text, acknowledgments, and appendixes. The word limit does not include the title page, abstract, references, captions, tables, and figures. If a submission exceeds the word limit, the author must provide a justification for the length of the manuscript and request the Chief Editor’s approval of the overage. This request may be uploaded in a document with the "Cover Letter" item type or entered in the comment field in the submission system.
  • Reviews: Synthesis of previously published literature that may address successes, failures, and limitations. Requires Review Proposal. For more information, see Review Articles.
  • Comment and Reply Exchange: Comments are written in response to a published article and should be submitted within 2 years of the publication date of the original article (although the editor can waive this limit in extenuating circumstances). The author of the original article has the opportunity to write a Reply. These exchanges are published together. 
  • Corrigenda: The corrigendum article type is available for authors to address errors discovered in already published articles. For more information, see Corrigenda.

The following journals have submission types in addition to those listed above.


Earth Interactions
Earth Interactions

Earth Interactions (EI) publishes research on the interactions among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, cryosphere, and lithosphere, including, but not limited to, research on human impacts, such as land cover change, irrigation, dams/reservoirs, urbanization, pollution, and landslides. Earth Interactions is a joint publication of the American Meteorological Society, American Geophysical Union, and American Association of Geographers.

Earth Interactions is fully open access.

Sponsor Logos (American Association of Geographers, American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society)
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology

The Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology (JAMC) publishes applied research on meteorology and climatology. Examples of meteorological research include topics such as weather modification, satellite meteorology, radar meteorology, boundary layer processes, physical meteorology, air pollution meteorology (including dispersion and chemical processes), agricultural and forest meteorology, mountain meteorology, and applied meteorological numerical models. Examples of climatological research include the use of climate information in impact assessments, dynamical and statistical downscaling, seasonal climate forecast applications and verification, climate risk and vulnerability, development of climate monitoring tools, and urban and local climates.

Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology

The Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology (JTECH) publishes research describing instrumentation and methods used in atmospheric and oceanic research, including remote sensing instruments; measurements, validation, and data analysis techniques from satellites, aircraft, balloons, and surface-based platforms; in situ instruments, measurements, and methods for data acquisition, analysis, and interpretation and assimilation in numerical models; and information systems and algorithms.

Journal of Climate
Journal of Climate

The Journal of Climate (JCLI) publishes research that advances basic understanding of the dynamics and physics of the climate system on large spatial scales, including variability of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface, and cryosphere; past, present, and projected future changes in the climate system; and climate simulation and prediction.

Journal of Hydrometeorology
Journal of Hydrometeorology

The Journal of Hydrometeorology (JHM) publishes research on modeling, observing, and forecasting processes related to fluxes and storage of water and energy, including interactions with the boundary layer and lower atmosphere, and processes related to precipitation, radiation, and other meteorological inputs.

Journal of Physical Oceanography
Journal of Physical Oceanography

The Journal of Physical Oceanography (JPO) publishes research related to the physics of the ocean and to processes operating at its boundaries. Observational, theoretical, and modeling studies are all welcome, especially those that focus on elucidating specific physical processes. Papers that investigate interactions with other components of the Earth system (e.g., ocean–atmosphere, physical–biological, and physical–chemical interactions) as well as studies of other fluid systems (e.g., lakes and laboratory tanks) are also invited, as long as their focus is on understanding the ocean or its role in the Earth system.

Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences

The Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (JAS) publishes basic research related to the physics, dynamics, and chemistry of the atmosphere of Earth and other planets, with emphasis on the quantitative and deductive aspects of the subject.

Monthly Weather Review
Monthly Weather Review

Monthly Weather Review (MWR) publishes research relevant to the analysis and prediction of observed atmospheric circulations and physics, including technique development, data assimilation, model validation, and relevant case studies. This research includes numerical and data assimilation techniques that apply to the atmosphere and/or ocean environments. MWR also addresses phenomena having seasonal and subseasonal time scales.

  • Picture of the Month: Brief communication emphasizing imagery of weather phenomena of interest to the meteorological community.
  • Annual Weather Summary: Extensive overview of, for example, an entire season of hurricane activity. A higher word count may be granted at the chief editor's discretion.
Weather and Forecasting
Weather and Forecasting

Weather and Forecasting (WAF) publishes research that is relevant to operational forecasting. This includes papers on significant weather events, forecasting techniques, forecast verification, model parameterizations, data assimilation, model ensembles, statistical postprocessing techniques, the transfer of research results to the forecasting community, and the societal use and value of forecasts. The scope of WAF includes research relevant to forecast lead times ranging from short-term “nowcasts” through seasonal time scales out to approximately two years.

  • NCEP Notes: Report on changes to the suite of operational numerical models and postprocessing techniques.
  • Forecaster's Forum: Opinions about forecasting problems and experiences that are of general interest to forecasters.
Weather, Climate, and Society
Weather, Climate, and Society

Weather, Climate, and Society (WCAS) publishes research that encompasses economics, policy analysis, political science, history, and institutional, social, and behavioral scholarship relating to weather and climate, including climate change. Contributions must include original social science research, evidence-based analysis, and relevance to the interactions of weather and climate with society.

Since many authors of WCAS papers are from social science disciplines, for which funding is generally more limited than in the physical sciences, the AMS Council has eliminated page charges for this journal.

BAMS Article Types

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Basic categories

  • Articles: Up to 7,500 words (average length is around 4,500 words; abstract and references do not count toward the length limit). The maximum length is for rare and strongly justified cases. Manuscripts cannot exceed maximum length without permission from the Editor-in-Chief. Authors should justify additional length in their Proposals.
  • Essays: Up to 5,000 words (average length is about 3,500 words). Based on experience, opinion, and qualitative or quantitative analysis. These peer-reviewed contributions are designated as a “Forum” within the Articles section.
  • Comment and Reply Exchanges: Up to 1,500 words. Comments make technical points about a published article. The author of the original article has the opportunity to write a Reply. Nontechnical comments are often published as Letters to the Editor.
  • Corrigenda: The corrigendum article type is available for authors to address errors discovered in already published articles. For more information, see Corrigenda

Other sections

  • In Box: Dispatches on new directions and projects

    Short articles (up to ~2,500 words) that inform and analyze in a relatively informal style. Citations should be used sparingly. A brief bibliographical list called “For Further Reading” takes the place of references and citations style used in other AMS publications.

    “In” refers not just to “informative” and “informal,” but also to the following:

    • “Innovative”: Describe initiatives, projects, products, and ideas that are breaking new ground for our sciences and services. Quickly and broadly sketch for readers what is new and unusual about what you are doing or proposing to do.
    • “Insight”: Explore new directions for our field, trends, markets, priorities, and accomplishments, or describe projects and products with an emphasis on what has been learned from this work (and what readers can learn). Aim to inspire by example.

    Article or In Box? Please discuss this decision with the BAMS editors at the proposal stage.

  • Map Room: Short discussion of interesting forecast situations

    Particularly targeted toward operational meteorologists as well as up-and-coming forecasters and students, this section features interesting forecast situations in relatively straightforward language. It is akin to a “map room” briefing with good visual documentation, with a discussion of models where necessary. Emphasis is primarily on concepts: lessons learned or applications of science to everyday or unusual weather scenarios.

    These articles are usually fewer than 2,500 words.

  • Nowcast: Short general-interest contributions

    The “magazine within the magazine,” covering developments in the atmospheric and related sciences and services. These articles are simple, urgent, or important and often promote ideas and good work by being informative. Nowcast is not a formal peer-reviewed section, though the editors may choose to conduct a peer review.

    Nowcast is flexible, but basic types of articles are as follows:

    • Opinion columns for expressing insights (600–1,500 words)
    • Q-and-A with interesting people in the field
    • Educational programs and ideas, often with ample illustration (500–1,500 words)
    • Newsworthy trends and research efforts, broadly applicable methods, interesting applications and products (500–2,000 words)
    • On the Web about web pages of interest to members (generally 500 words or fewer)

    These contributions do not use formal citation–reference style or include abstracts. See a recent issue of BAMS for examples.

    Nowcast is also a space for you to be creative—anything that sheds light on our sciences, our professions, our goals, or our natural world, including the visual arts. Contact Matt Gillespie at for specific guidelines about submitting graphics, photos, or art. For guidelines about contributions to various standing sections of Nowcast, including News and Notes, Chapter Channel, Technology, and Product Announcements, contact Matt Gillespie at or Rachel Thomas-Medwid at

  • Meeting Summaries: Synthesis of a recent meeting or workshop

    Reports on recent meetings and workshops should synthesize topics, helping readers navigate the meeting’s main focus. Emphasize newsworthy findings, recommendations, and what was accomplished rather than what was intended; do not try to cover every presentation or outline the agenda. The best meeting summaries read like a letter from a participant to a colleague who could not attend.

    Meeting summary manuscripts must meet these basic guidelines:

    • Less than 2,000 words and uploaded to the BAMS Editorial Manager page in a format that meets all BAMS Requirements.
    • Demonstrate news value to the community (the submission must be made within four months of the meeting).
    • Only one table or figure, printable within one-half page space in BAMS
    • Limited special formatting (e.g., no more than a third of the article should be in “bullet listing” format).
    • Provide the name of at least one participant of the meeting or workshop—not including the authors—who has read the summary and verified the accuracy of the contents prior to submission.
    • Follow a format similar to recently published summaries, particularly the style of the title (describe the general topic, not simply the name of the meeting) and the “What, When, Where” information box. The information box should lead with the formal title of the meeting.
    • Abstracts are not needed.
    • No group photographs of meeting participants.

    Authors may supplement their meeting summaries using documents, tables, or figures that will be published online only. This allows for approximately 2,000 words of additional online text or roughly three full pages of tables and figures. Inclusion of supplemental material may delay publication by at least one month.

    After acceptance (within two weeks), manuscripts are posted in AMS Early Online Releases. Following layout and proofing, the meeting summaries are listed in the Table of Contents of the next available print issue, and the meeting summaries in final layout form are published online only. (NOTE: Only meeting summaries that the editors deem to be exceptionally well written and appealing to the wider readership are considered for both online and printed publication.)

    Types of articles that commonly have been submitted to the Meeting Summary section should be directed to the BAMS Articles section or In Box section. These are

    • Informal review articles surveying a discipline or pressing challenge. A mini-review of the state of a field, with recommendations from a group of authors stemming from a workshop or meeting, often fits very well in the peer-reviewed In Box section.
    • Group statements and reports, often in the form of recommendations, short white papers, or other opinion essays or documents—usually with a polemical slant and representing a consensus of participants or a broad selection of diverse views, all formulated at a meeting or workshop. This type can usually be written as an essay—or a collection of short essays.

    In some cases, after discussion with the BAMS Editor-in-Chief during the proposal process, the authors may choose to write a fast-track report for the Meeting Summary section and also submit a related essay or review for publication in another section of BAMS.

  • 45 Beacon: Various topics regarding AMS and AMS membership

    Short articles about issues or projects directly related to the Society or membership in the Society, including articles about the conduct of professional meetings, announcements, and various AMS programs such as the Broadcast Seal, journals, government relations, scholarships, and continuing education. For information on submitting Obituaries or content for About Our Members, contact Rachel Thomas-Medwid at or Matt Gillespie at

  • Readings: Discussion of books and publishing

    Essays about books or publishing or reviews (by invitation) and book excerpts. Contact Rachel Thomas-Medwid at

  • Letters to the Editor: Topics of concern for AMS members

    Letters to the Editor (500 words or less) are encouraged. They can be submitted through the BAMS Editorial Manager page or by e-mail at Please include your complete contact information.