These resources will help you learn the nuts and bolts of the federal policy process. How are laws made? How are budgets decided? Who are the key players and what are their roles?
This is a short list of additional readings about federal science policy. There is a lot of quality scholarship about science policy, and this list reflects only a small portion of it.
These resources will help you develop your science communication skills and develop your own strategy for engaging in the policy realm.
These are a few sources for news specific to science policy. You can also keep tabs on the science section of your preferred newspaper or news site, and follow your institution's press releases and newsletters.