Chapter News
September 2003


Meeting Minutes
Arkansas Chapter of the AMS
September 18, 2003

The first Chapter meeting for Fall, 2003, was held on the 18th. The meeting convened at 705 PM at the National Weather Service Forecast Office in North Little Rock with 12 members and guests present.

Chapter President George Wilken welcomed everyone to the first meeting of the Fall season. The primary part of the business meeting concerned future chapter meetings and officers. George stated that more help was needed from all members to develop programs and manage the chapter. Several of the members indicated that they would be willing to do programs or run for chapter officers' positions for 2004.

George provided the program for the evening. It was a video that talked about "Sprites", flashes of light above thunderstorms that may be in several colors. This was a followup to a similar program that was provided by George a couple of years ago. Sprites occur only above positive cloud-to-ground lightning flashes. Positive cloud-to-ground lightning flashes usually only comprise about 10 percent of a storm's total lightning flashes.

After the video, light refreshments were served. The meeting adjourned at 820 PM.---Newton Skiles.


The Central Illinois Chapter of the AMS held it's annual meeting at the Lakeview Restaurant at Weldon Springs State Park near Clinton, Illinois last night. In the coming weeks you should be receiving a write up on the meeting from our outgoing secretary David Kristovich. At this point I wanted to update you on the elections.

We approved some by-law changes, including moving our elections from September to May, as was suggested to us last spring. In addition, the term of office for the officers will change from October 1 through September 30 to August 1 through July 31. Thus, our next elections will be held in May 2004 for officers taking office on August 1, 2004.

Meanwhile, here are the newly elected officers for the Central Illinois Chapter for the term of October 1, 2003 through July 31, 2004:

President: Mike Tannura
President-Elect: Chris Miller
Secretary: Tom Bellinger
Treasurer: Maria Peters
After three years as an officer in the chapter, I'll be moving into the role of "Past President" and assisting on various committees, including helping with the Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Region Conference on 17-18 October 2003. We've had a very active and exciting year and I'm confident that the new leadership elected last night will continue to move the chapter in the direction of greater growth and prosperity. We are all excited about the upcoming conference.

I want to thank all of you for your assistance during my term in office. If you need any additional information about the elections or the new officers, please let me know.---Ed Kieser.

Meeting Summary, 9 September 2003

The Central Illinois Chapter of the American Meteorological Society held the last regular meeting of the 2002-2003 year at Lakeview Restaurant, in beautiful Weldon Springs State Park, Clinton, IL. The meeting began at 7:30 PM on Tuesday, 9 September 2003. President Ed Kieser opened the meeting by thanking this year's Chapter Officers and Committee Members for their help in a very productive term. Particular highlights for this term include the April 2003 meeting commemorating the 50th anniversary of the first documented observation of a hook echo and the upcoming Midwest Extreme and Hazardous Weather Regional Conference. Mary Schoen Petersen reported that there are now 50 dues-paying members.

Proposed changes to the chapter by-laws were discussed and approved by the attending membership. Changes included setting the terms of officers to August 1 to July 31, having the chapter Annual Meeting in May, and splitting a previous committee into separate Membership and Nominating Committees. Proposed changes to the by-laws to be voted on at the next meeting include making the annual dues effective for August 1 to July 31 and making the Program and Publicity Committee include a chairperson and three members.

Elections were held for officers for the 2003-2004 year. Two candidates for each of the three open positions (President-Elect, Treasurer, and Secretary) were given the opportunity to give short speeches regarding their candidacy. The election results were tabulated and new officers for next year will be; President: Mike Tannura, President-Elect: Chris Miller, Secretary: Tom Bellinger, and Treasurer: Maria Peters.

The program for this evening's meeting was a panel discussion on severe weather warnings and dissemination. Panel members included Chris Miller, Warning Coordination Meteorologist at the NWS office in Lincoln, IL, Fred Zacher, ESDA Coordinator for DeWitt County, IL, and Mike Tannura, broadcast meteorologist for WCIA TV. The panel discussion was moderated by Ed Keiser. The lively discussion began with overview statements from the panel members on their roles in the warning-dissemination process and their views of the strengths and weaknesses in the process. Multiple questions and comments from the audience shaped the rest of the meeting. Of particular emphasis were differences of how each county coordinates emergency preparedness and response, strengths and weaknesses in spotter training, and difficulties in educating the public adequately. Difficulties in public education were illustrated in several discussions, focusing largely on the need to give the public enough information to make good safety-related decisions in the short-term and the longer-term goal of informing the public of weather dangers that are not always emphasized, such as lightning.

The meeting adjourned around 9:10 PM.---David Kristovich.


Highlights from the September Meetings

This has been a very interesting month of school for our Chapter. Along with getting accustomed to a hectic school schedule, our meetings have been very productive. Most of the students from our chapter will be attending The Mid-West Extreme and Hazardous Severe Weather Conference the weekend of October 17th and 18th. This will be held in Champaign Illinois, and will primarily focus on Severe weather forecasting in and around the Great Lakes region. We are currently seeking funding from our schools student budget allocation committee. As for now, each is paying individually until we hear back from the committee.

We have once again established three separate committees within our society that meet after each meeting. The three committees include; Fundraising, Jobs and Internships, and Activities. The fundraising committee takes care of any form of fundraising that our society is eligible for. The jobs and interhships commitee is in charge of informing the society of any internship and job opportunities in the current field of meteorology. The activities committee organizes certain ideas for our club to participate in. It ranges from a weather calendar the have produced themselves, to arranging our meetings at bowling leagues to incorporate fun with learning!

The e-board members of CMUSCAMS organized some fair rules for being a member of the society in order to better our community, and create relations with some local non- profit organizations. The rule states that every member of the society shall volunteer one time in a community event, and will participate in one or more fundraising event in order to raise sufficient funds for club.

Another interesting event currently underway by some of our members is an Emergency volunteer opportunity. There has been a grant for 12 new tornado sirens to be erected in the Isabella County area. The Emergency Management Team from Isabella County has asked our society for volunteers to arrange appropriate placements for these sires. Also, they are in need of volunteers for flood damage research. Any of these opportunities will serve as the appropriate volunteer requirments for our members.

As you can see, CMUSCAMS has been busy with conferences, the community and within our own society. This year will be a stellar year for the growth of the meteorological department at Central Michigan University. Students and faculty alike are extremely excited. We will keep you updated as the months continue!---Derek T. Van Dam.


Wednesday, September 24, 2003

Vice-chair Mike Abraczinskas of the North Carolina Division of Air Quality introduced the evening's speaker, Dr. Chip Konrad, professor in the Department of Geography at the University of North Carolina.

Chip presented work done to help determine the influence of synoptic-scale circulations and moisture patterns on the spatial variability of warm-season precipitation. Over a period from 1950­1996, two-day precipitation totals from all cooperative observation stations in the eastern U.S. were interpolated onto a 10 × 10 km grid using Theissen polygons. Then, for each two-day period, circular regions with the greatest mean precipitation total were identified for 10 different spatial scales ranging from 2,500­300,000 km2. Precipitation events were defined by combining precipitation regions at different scales that were within 1,000 km and two days of each other. The six-hour period of heaviest precipitation during the event was identified using data from the hourly precipitation data network. Also, the spatial and temporal attributes of the event were determined, such as maximum hourly point precipitation rate and maximum point precipitation total.

Warm-season precipitation is largely convective in nature and generally displays the most organization at the local scale and mesoscale. However, synoptic-scale patterns can exert a significant influence on these events through moisture availability and forcing for ascent. Numerous combinations of large-scale patterns and lifting mechanisms are associated with heavy precipitation events, with large regional variation. Previous work has attempted to classify events associated with flooding events, the spatial pattern of precipitation totals, and the spatial patterns of thermal advection and low-level convergence. This work attempts to classify precipitation events by the magnitude and direction of the 500-hPa wind vector.

This classification scheme was applied to events near the central and southern Appalachian regions of the eastern U.S., referred to as the "Plateau" and "Southeast" regions, where 230 and 366 events were found, respectively. The Plateau (Southeast) region was generally located west (east) of the Appalachians. Very few events centered over the highest peaks of the mountain chain were found.

Synoptic-scale patterns of moisture and vertical velocity were related to precipitation attributes using data from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis data. The NCEP reanalysis is on a 2.5º × 2.5º latitude-longitude grid. The data was spatially and temporally interpolated onto an evenly spaced 49 point grid centered over each precipitation event at the midpoint of the 6-h period of heaviest precipitation. Vertical velocity, precipitable water, and 850-hPa moisture flux were then examined using the gridded data.

Over the Southeast region, precipitable water exceeds 1.46 in. on average 10% more days each warm season than in the Plateau region, while vertical velocity values exceed ­10 ?bar s-1 5% more often over the Plateau region relative to the Southeast.

Synoptic patterns were identified that best distinguish large-scale heavy precipitation events from lighter events, considering the Southeast and Plateau regions separately. Composites of NCEP reanalysis data for heavy and light precipitation events for the above fields were made for events associated with fast westerly 500 hPa flow in each region. Heavy precipitation composites for the Southeast show a 1000-hPa low centered over northern Alabama with a broad 500-hPa trough axis over the Appalachians. The light composites show a weaker 1000-hPa low over eastern SC and a more zonal 500-hPa flow. In the heavy composite, there was a greater super positioning over high precipitable water and stronger vertical velocity than in the light precipitation cases. Vertical velocity (850-hPa moisture flux) was 40% (29%) higher in the heavy composite for the Southeast region.

For the Plateau region, the findings are similar, with the heavier cases having a stronger 1000-hPa low, stronger vertical velocity and moisture flux, and a greater super positioning of vertical motion with high moisture values relative to the light precipitation cases.

Future work will include comparing other regions across the eastern U.S. and developing metrics for quantifying field super positioning and the proximity of field maximums to event center.---Michael J. Brennan.


ISU AMS Meeting Minutes for September 2, 2003

**If you didn't turn in your survey, contact Jon, me, or another officer to turn it in.

Officers for the year were introduced. These include Jon Hobbs president, Kevin Sullivan vice-president, Adam Kuban treasurer, Stephen Konarik secretary, Janet historian, Chase social chair, Nate webmaster, and Jeremy past-president.

Upcoming social events include the Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Picnic, which will be held Thursday, September 4th (tomorrow) from 5-10pm. Foot will be served at 6. Its location is at Innis Grove Park, and if you are interested in giving or receiving a ride, please contact Jon ( as we will be meeting at Agronomy to carpool. Intramurals are also beginning. The deadlines for signing up for Cross Country, Curling, and 8-Player Soccer is Wednesday, September 10th. Contact Chase at if you are interested in signing up. Picnics and other activities are in the works. Also, AMS basketball will take place in Leid Rec Center Thursday nights at 9pm.

AMS Dues need to be paid in order to be a member, participate in social activities, and to vote. They MUST be paid by the 2nd meeting of the year, and were voted at this meeting to be $5. These can be paid to Adam ( in the form of cash or check.

Jeremy will be in charge of the National Collegiate Weather Forecasting Contest this year, with Janet helping. The contest consists of 1000 or so participants (undergrads, grad students, and professors) from 38 institutions. It consists of forecasting 4 days a week in 2 week blocks for 13 cities around the nation. You only need to participate in 8 of the 13 periods to be eligible for the annual prize. The cost for entering the contest is $4, which can be paid to Adam. If you want to write one check for both AMS and NCWFC dues, that's fine. There will be a meeting on Tuesday, September 9, at 7pm in 3128 Agronomy to discuss the rules and techniques of the contest, as well as insight on how to better your forecast. A sign-up sheet was passed out at the meeting for those interested, but if you didn't get a chance to sign, contact Jeremy at to do so. There will also be a local AMS forecasting contest and an ISU contest, with Dr. Gallus helping. This contest will consist of a more rigorous 4 days a week all year forecasting for Des Moines. For more information on that, come to the NCWFC meeting Tuesday.

Cy's Eyes producers this year will be Mitch and Ryan. Cy's Eyes is a bi-weekly, 15 minute weather show on ISU-TV 20, that consists of 4 on-air people and numerous camera/set crew and technical crew. The show will take place Mondays and Wednesday at 6:30pm, in Studio B of the Communications Building. A training/orientation session will take place Wednesday, September 10th, in Studio B at 6:30. For more information contact Mitch ( or Ryan (

Mitch is also Treasurer and Secretary of the Central Iowa National Weather Association. The organization is hoping for more ISU AMS involvement year. Central Iowa NWA includes a collection of students, NWS employees, television personalities, and professors. The hold a Severe Storms Conference every March in Des moines. The meetings generally take place on Mondays in the Des Moines area. The first meeting is at 6pm, Monday September 22 at Godfather's Pizza in Ankeny. If you are interested in getting a ride, or would like more information, contact Mitch. Feel free to check out CINWA's website at

Everyone can join the National American Meteorological Society. Members receive the bulletin of the AMS and discounts on journals and conference fees. Visit the website at for more information. There will also be a National AMS Conference/Annual Meeting on January 10-15th, 2004 in Seattle, Washington. Undergraduate Juniors and Seniors have the opportunity to give research presentations. Applications are due in October. Students are also able to work and help out with the conference. Contact Jon for more information.

Spring events were also briefly mentioned. We will be participating in Cy's Big Top at VEISHA. We will host a Spotter Training Seminar in the spring. A spring break trip is also a possibility. (Locations for the previous 3 trips were Oklahoma, Colorado, and Florida).

If you are interested in storm chasing, contact Kevin at

**If you have ordered t-shirts last year but haven't paid for them yet, PAY. If you haven't been contacted about this yet, you WILL BE. (contact Jon to pay)

Upcoming events on the calender:

SEPT 9: Forecast Contest Meeting
SEPT 10: Cy's Eyes Meeting
SEPT 22: NWA Meeting
week of Sept 22-26: next AMS meeting
early Oct: National Weather Service trip
Oct: TV station trip

ISU AMS Meeting Minutes for September 25, 2003

Jeremy Grams gave a presentation on the national AMS, discussing scholarships and conferences. This years Annual Meeting is on January 10-15th in Seattle Washington. Contact Jeremy ( or Jon ( for further information.

Chase discussed social events. IM flag football lost game 1 17-16, with game 2 being cancelled due to rain. Game 3 will be this Sunday, September 28, at 5pm. IM Curling teams: Chase's team won 2-1 in game one, with a win in game 2 as well. Kari's team won 4-2 in game 1, but lost game 2. Jose's team lost game one. Other Intramurals are upcoming, including innertube water basketball. Contact Chase ( for further information. AMS bowling is also in the works.

Adam presented Treasurer's information. Email him at if you haven't paid your $5 AMS dues. Also, contact him or Jeremy if you haven't paid your $4 National Collegiate Weather Forecasting Contest dues. He noted that receipts for reimbursement from AMS will be due within 60 days from the day of purchase. Original receipts are needed. Shirts and Stickers from last year MUST BE PAID FOR. If they are not paid for within a week, they will be sold to other students.

There will be a trip to KCCI TV in Des Moines on Sunday, October 12th. We will be given a station tour, as well as presented a speech from Jason Parkin on television meteorology and/or storm chasing. A sign up sheet was past out at the meeting. If you are interested in going, contact Mitch at

On Thursday, October 23, we will take a trip to the National Weather service in Johnston. We will leave around 6:15. A sign up sheet was passed out at the meeting, and pre-registration is required. Contact Jeremy or Jon for more information.

A Science and Math Magnet School in Des Moines has contacted us about arranging a talk for a group of 3rd graders. This would take place in October and would consist of 2 40 minute midday presentations here at ISU. Two to three people will be needed for each presentation. More information is on the way from Jon.


October 12: KCCI TV trip
October 23 (6:15 pm): NWS trip
October 29 (7:00 pm): ISU AMS Meeting
November 17 (7:00pm): Joint National Weather Association/ISU AMS Event, Dr. Alan Czarnetzi, Speaker---Stephen Konarik.


Corey Welcome
- Largest club on campus - Very active
- Received Best Student Chapter award 2 years
Explanation of club roles
- Chair NESC - correspondence, abstracts, mailings
- Oversee all club activities
- Run EBMs
- Liason to advisor, LSC administration
- Community Service project
- Internship Night (w/ Josh)
- Speakers (w/ Josh)
Storm Conference Committee
- Meeting next week
- Pen design, NESC speakers
Outline constitution revisions
- Active members
- Any other major changes?
Explain dues
Internship Night
- Wed, Oct 22nd 5 PM
- Internships very important
National AMS trip
National AMS membership
- BAMS, WeatherWise
- Scholarships/grants

Explanation of club roles
- Take over as president if need arises
- Assist president
- NESC Panel, technology
- Mt Washington (w/ Mike)
- Internship Night - technology
Webpage Committee
Forecast Contest
Southern New England Weather Conference


Explanation of club roles
- Minutes
- Bulletin Board
- Talent Show (w/ Amy)
- Winter Ball (w/ Mike)
- NESC - booklet/cover, name tags, registration forms, food

Explanation of club roles
- Financial matters
- House
- Talent Show (w/ Julie)
- Car Wash (w/ Mike)
- Ski Trip
- NESC - breakfast
Fundraising Committee
First Inch Contest


Explanation of club roles
- Advertising club activities
- Barbeques
- Winter Ball (w/ Julie)
- Car Wash (w/ Amy)
- First Inch Contest
- Mt Washington (w/ Josh)
- NESC - Correspondence with hotel, technology, advertising
Meeting schedule
Mt Washington Hike
Car Wash

Corey - Sixth Person Award (Jon Gamblin - May)

Mike - Raffle prizes

Sign up sheet (name, email, committees, times, constitution vote) Dues/Forecast Contest dues---Julie Soper.


Meeting Minutes
September 3, 2003

This was out first meeting to start off the 2003-2004 school year. To begin the meeting we had all members fill out an information sheet and pay their local dues ($4). We had a total of 60 members show up to the meeting, which was great! Wayne Mackenzie, president, started off by introducing the MU-AMS officers for the new school year which included: Vincent Walker, vice president, Shanna Sampson, treasurer, and Courtney Hanna, secretary. The Millersville University AMS website has a new look for this year. Next on our agenda was to address the activities that we have planned and also hope to plan for the upcoming year. On September 27, 2003, the MU-AMS along with the Student Activities Board will be hosting an event at the Club D'Ville from 10PM until 2AM. This event will include music, food, use of the pool tables, and also the fitness center. Some other activities that we would like to plan would be a trip to the Smithsonian in Washington DC, and any other activities that the members suggested. Finally to conclude our meeting we had a guest speaker from NCEP. Mike Musher, a Millersville graduate, is now a forecaster for NCEP. He talked about his job there with the HPC, and also NCEP in general. He gave the students an idea of what he does, how he got started, and also answered questions anyone had.

Our next meeting will be held on Wednesday September 17, 2003 at 9PM in Caputo Hall, Room 210. This meeting will be very interesting to attend because we will have our faculty members debating about their stand on the issue of Global Warming.

Meeting Minutes
September 17, 2003

The meeting started off with providing the members with information about becoming a national member of the American Meteorological Society. This year we are having the member send in their own applications since you no longer need a faculty signature to apply. Simply go to the AMS website and fill out the application for a student membership.

The next MU-AMS activity will be the Ville After Dark on September 27, 2003. It will be held in the Club D'Ville from 10pm until 2am. There will be free food, music, pool, and use of the fitness center gym. Everyone, members and non-members are encouraged to come!

The next item on the agenda was to discuss that merchandise that the members would like to get for this year. We are also encouraging anyone who has an idea for the design that should go on the clothing to present it. At our next meeting on October 1, we would like to finalize the order so we can order everything before homecoming.

The officers are also asking any members that did internships over the summer or school year to be part of the internship forum on October 29. This forum should be beneficial to students who are interested in doing an internship in the future. Any students who would like to participate should see an officer as soon as possible.

To conclude the meeting there was a faculty debate on the controversial issue of Global Warming. We would like to thank Dr. DeCaria, Dr. Yalda, Dr. Clark, and Dr. Muller for participating in the debate. It was very interesting to listen to the different point of views from each of the professors.---Wayne MacKenzie.


General Meeting Minutes
September 18, 2003

President Clark Evans called the meeting to order at 7:00 p.m. The following executive members were present: President: Clark Evans, Vice –President: Joe Marzen, Secretary: Robert Banks, Treasurer Ariel Rodriguez, and Officer-at-Large Richie Schwerdt .40 members were present including the executive board. The meeting began with President Clark Evans discussing what will be discussed in the meeting.

Current Chapter Finances

Treasurer Ariel Rodriguez gave a current state of the finances of the chapter. He also noted about paying local chapter dues by the October meeting and to encourage members to become national AMS members.

Minutes from August 21, 2003 Meeting

Secretary Robert Banks quickly read over the minutes from the previous month’s meeting.

Block Seating

President Evans announced to the membership about block seating for FSU home football games which was also announced at last month’s meeting. He announced that there will be a North Florida Chapter block for the Miami game on October 11, 2003. President Evans said he will oversee the block but needs a volunteer to turn in the tickets.

Dropsonde Raffle

President Evans called upon member, Matt, to talk about selling raffle tickets for a dropsonde that he had acquired while working at NHC over the summer. Ticket prices will be chosen by the officers at their next meeting and announced at the next general meeting.

Guest Speakers for 2003 General Meetings

President Evans announced the list of speakers for the general meetings this Fall. Dr. Liu was tonight’s speaker but he also announced that both Dr. Robert Hart and the Tallahassee NWS will be speakers this Fall. Dr. Hart will be the speaker at the meeting on October 16, he is a new professor in the Department of Meteorology at FSU. The Tallahassee National Weather Service guys will be the speakers for the November meeting and they will be giving a SKYWARN seminar.

2004 Events for the Local AMS

President Evans told the general membership of a few events we are planning for the Spring semester. He announced that in January we will have the National AMS conference and that meeting would be a summary of what went on at the conference. February and March would be the science fair that we will help in and then we will alternate social events and outreach throughout the semester to give a nice, even balance.

T-Shirts and Designs

Vice-President Joe Marzen discussed options about a North Florida Chapter t-shirt and how we are going to use it as a fundraiser for the chapter funds. He noted that we need a design and all entires will be welcomed so we can pick a winner.

Early December Social and April Banquet

Vice-President Joe Marzen talked about the idea of a social in early December in lieu of a General Meeting for December. He also expressed his opinions on having a banquet for the chapter in April 2004 which would include a keynote speaker, dinner, and awards. He also stated that this would require some fundraising to pull off this event.

Day at The Seminole Reservation

Secretary Robert Banks announced a social event that will be coming up very shortly…the Day at Seminole Rez. This event will be held on October 4, 2003 and will be at the Rez off of Lake Bradford Rd.. He mentioned that we will have a signup sheet for dishes soon.

Local Forecast Contest and Awards

Treasurer Ariel Rodriguez mentioned that we will be giving out 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place awards for the Local Forecast Contest in the form of plaques. We will be presenting these awards at the April Banquet.

AMS Outreach Projects

Treasurer Ariel Rodriguez talked about a Minority Scholarship offered by the National AMS in the form of $6000 over a two year span. Ariel mentioned that Clark has copies of the applications for those who would wish to apply for the scholarships.

October/November Outreach Opportunities

Officer at Large Richie Schwerdt announced some outreach events that are being planned for this semester. He talked about volunteering for Habitat for Humanity and a food drive for the Holidays.

AMS Conference Student Travel Grants

President Clark Evans announced that applications for student travel grants are now available online and are due by October 24, 2003. He encouraged that graduate students apply for the scholarships and undergraduate students apply for the assistantships. He also mentioned that he and Richie have a meeting with Dr. Robert Ellingson next week to discuss possible departmental funding.


Each of the officers outlines their subcommittee and then the general membership was asked to sign up for a committee after the meeting adjourned.

Presentation – Guest Speaker Dr. Guosheng Liu

Dr. Liu is the new Graduate Admissions chair and he discussed graduate school admissions and gave tips on what to look for in applying to graduate school. There was also time after his presentation for a question and answer forum for the general membership and officers.

Next Meeting

Thursday, October 16 at 7:00 PM in Room 353 Love Building.


The meeting was adjourned at 8:10 PM.

The above minutes are a true and correct reflection of the September 18, 2003 meeting.---Robert Banks.


The Omaha-Offutt chapter of the AMS held its first meeting of the season on September 16 2003. It was a picnic at the National Weather Service office in Valley. Guests began arriving between 5:00 and 5:30 PM for social time, including tours through the facility by NWS employees. At 6:00 PM the radiosonde balloon was launched, but had to be scrubbed, and a new one launched, when a wind gust blew the balloon into the WSR-88D radar tower, and the line carrying the radiosonde box got tangled in the structure. A picnic dinner followed at 6:15 PM.

At 7:10 PM chapter President Jeremy Wesely called the business meeting to order. Recording Secretary John Roth announced 37 members and 32 guests were in attendance, and read the minutes from the May 2003 meeting. A motion to approve the minutes was made by Dave Garrison and seconded by Gene Wall, and the minutes were accepted. Treasurer Matt Sittel presented the treasurer's report. Matt thanked John Schmit and John Zapotocny for auditing the books. Corresponding Secretary Dave Keller announced he would be running the forecast contest. He explained how the contest will work, and that he had copies of this month's contest form available.

John Eylander of the education committee announced that chapter members would again be asked to participate as judges in science fairs coming in the spring. The committee is also working with the Omaha Children's Museum on an interactive weather exhibit, although tight funding is making the prospect difficult. They are also contacting guidance counselors at local schools in an effort to generate student interest in pursuing careers in meteorology. There will be no career night this year, but there probably would be one next year.

Old business:
Jeremy announced completion of the treasury audit and again thanked John Schmit and John Zapotocny for performing the audit.

Jeremy stated that the chapter poster used at national events needs to be replaced, and solicited members' time and talents to make a new one. Jeremy offered thanks on behalf of the chapter to the National Weather Service employees who made the picnic a success.

New business:
Chapter Vice President Dan Nietfeld announced that the next chapter meeting would be the evening of Wednesday October 8. Steve Weiss from the Storm Prediction Center will give a presentation on the history of forecasting severe storms.

Jeremy explained the current policy for announcing upcoming chapter meetings 2-3 weeks prior, with a reminder a week before the meeting. Dave Keller announced he had copies of the chapter newsletter available.

The 84th annual AMS national conference will take place January 11-15 in Seattle WA. The third annual Student AMS conference will be held in conjunction with this event.

The seventh annual High Plains Conference runs October 8-10 in Hastings NE. The conference will include a student paper competition, for both undergraduate and graduate students. Two monetary scholarships will be awarded.

A motion to adjourn the meeting was made by Bruce Telfeyan and seconded by John Eylander. The meeting was adjourned at 7:23 PM. Following the meeting there were more tours of the NWS office.---John Roth.


The Christie Theater at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay was bustling on the evening of Thursday, September 25 with persons interested in tornadoes. Speaker Jim Skowronski, Senior Forecaster at the National Weather Service (NWS) in Green Bay, put on a great show! Students, community members, and staff from Green Bay and the Fox Valley showed up to hear Jim's talk, titled: "The Door County Tornado August 23, 1998: What We Knew Then and What We Know Now."

Jim began by retelling the tale of the multiple-vortex, F3 tornado that swept though Wisconsin's Door Peninsula five years ago. August 23, 1998 began as a typical Sunday on the peninsula, but as vacationers from the south prepared for their drive home that evening, the atmosphere had other plans. By about 5:00 pm, four supercells had developed. Three were tracking through the Fox Valley, about 60 miles south of a lone fourth cell making its way toward the Door Peninsula. Tornado warnings had been issued for the Fox Valley cells, but these storms only delivered rain, large hail, and a brief tornado touchdown.

Forecasters at NWS Green Bay, however, kept an eye on the northernmost supercell. This cell developed on a boundary separating warm, moist air on the south and rain-cooled air across the north. As the system moved over the Bay of Green Bay, radar detected a hook echo, a classic sign of a supercell thunderstorm. Forecasters issued a tornado warning near 20 minutes before the tornado made landfall: enough time to warn residents of the impending storm. The tornado spent a full 14 minutes on the ground, ripping a path 5.1 miles long and between ¼ and ½ mile wide. The total damage was estimated at seven million dollars. Thankfully, landfall occurred in a rural area and only two people were injured.

Jim pointed out that a lot has changed in the world of short-term forecasting since 1998. At the time of the Door county tornado, forecasters at the NWS Green Bay office were using a single user display unit, designed only for the analysis of radar by a single forecaster. Now, the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS) is in place. The office has five workstations at which radar, surface, satellite, and sounding data can be analyzed simultaneously. The basic data is the same as it was five years ago, but the AWIPS design provides a more convenient display of the information and allows several forecasters to be involved in analysis. With the new equipment, the accuracy and efficacy of severe weather warnings has increased.

Were will the next advancement in tornado forecasting come from? According to Jim, the key may lie in the stability of the air in the rear flank downdraft (RFD) of the supercell. A stable (cold) RFD tends to diverge and not be readily lifted into the updraft, whereas an unstable (warm) RFD converges and can rise very quickly into the storm. Presently, forecasters are unable to accurately assess, realtime, the stability of the RFD from their workstations and must rely on storm spotter information. Data on RFD stability could help assess which supercells will produce significant tornadoes.

Hope to see you all at our next meeting on October 16, 2003. Gary Baier of Green Bay East High School will speak on "The Maury Project: How the AMS Contributes to Science Education" The meeting will be held at 7:00 pm in the UW-Green Bay Christie Theater. Join us beforehand for dinner at 5 pm at Los Banditos by contacting Dr. Steve Meyer (Our September meeting had a wonderful showing of 15 pre-meeting dinner attendees…thanks for coming!)---Katie Hemauer.


September 2003

9/3/2003 ­ The Purdue University Meteorological Association held a callout meeting to begin the academic year on September 3rd, 2003. Officers Ben Burkel, Joel Heck, Kimberly Klockow, and Joseph Nield laid out their vision for the upcoming year, and discussed plans for events and trips to be taken throughout the year. On the docket for the coming academic semester are trips to local television stations, several guest lectures, new community outreach programs, and numerous social events to increase camaraderie among the members.

9/24/2003 ­ Meteorologist Jamie Bielinski of the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Indianapolis, Indiana gave an invited presentation to the members of the Purdue University Meteorological Association on September 24th, 2003. Bielinski spoke about her academic background, her career choices, and the advantages and disadvantages of them. Bielinski began her career in broadcast meteorology as the chief meteorologist of a television station in North Platte, Nebraska before choosing to join the National Weather Service. Following her presentation, she showed a video taken by friends several years ago which documented the life cycle of a classic supercell having produced a large tornado. Immediately following the video was a discussion of club business.---Joseph M. Nield.


The first meeting of the 2003-04 school year was held on Tuesday night, Sept 15. We had a variety of things that we talked about during the meeting to discuss the upcoming semester. A lot of people had come to the meeting and it was probably the largest turn out we have ever had at a club meeting. This was very pleasing because it shows how hard we work to make the club a success. The first topic of the night was to discuss about when to meet for future meetings. A lot of students have different schedules and this may be a problem, and we just wanted to pick a day and time that everyone would be available to attend. We next talked about our point system for the club. Basically the point system is where club members earn points for being active in the club. The reason we do this is because when we have trips or activities during the school year, the most active members get first priority to attend these activities. We assigned two students to the bulletin board for our club. The bulletin board is used to add all sorts of things related to the club. Some of the things consist of adding weather photos, pictures from club events, and information related to the club, such as adding when our next meeting will be scheduled. Also, Professor Alan Robock, who is our advisor to the Meteorology club this year, introduced himself and talked about events that we should get involved in during the school year.

Kristen Drusjack, who works for the Co-op program at Cook College, came to the meeting to discuss about doing internships for credit and experience in the major. She has been very helpful with the Meteorology program and has been able to provide many students with internships over the last few years. After her speech, a few students who did internships over the summer gave a presentation on their experience. The students who gave a presentation were Megan Linkin, Andrew Durante, and Matt Lanza. We also had a speech given by Jim Nichols, who is in charge of the WeatherWatcher program for the University. He explained to the club about the program and the new changes that would be taking place this year. WeatherWatcher is a program that provides on-air weather forecasts to the University and gives students in the major hands-on experience in television and forecasting.

Finally, some other topics that were also brought up during the meeting were possible designs for club T-shirts, and ideas for fund-raising. One of the fund-raising ideas was to have a game called METAR Jeopardy. There will be more information about these two topics at our next meeting.---Mark Sannutti.


Tuesday, September 9, 2003 meeting

The meeting was opened with pleasantries and the introduction of officers. President Travis Herzog then introduced the Department of Atmospheric Science's faculty. They spoke about the research they do and took questions.

The Secretary report was given by Roger Gass followed by the Treasurer's report given by Paul Roller. A few icebreakers were then done to allow the members get to know one another.

Paul Roller then introduced Jason Sippel and Kevin Walter whom gave information about TAMMSSDA (Texas A&M Mobile Severe Storms Data Acquisition).

James Tobin followed with information on the National Forecasting Contest. President Travis Herzog then talked about the following: the upcoming "Lock-In", upcoming speakers, and the Chemistry Open House.

Vice-President Morgan Gallagher spoke about: field trips, Community Services such as Big Event and Adopt-A-Beach, and the National AMS Membership benefits.

Treasurer Paul Roller then discussed: club shirts and sticker sales. Secretary Roger Gass followed with information on: the club webpage and Silver Taps gathering.

Social Chair Brad Hlozek talked about: intramurals, Kansas game get together, and the explanation of the social listserv. The President then spoke about the next general meeting that will be held on October 7th, 2003 and informed the members that Lon Curtis will be speaking.

Collection of dues and sales of club shirts occurred followed by snacks and social mingling to finish the meeting.---Roger Gass.


The Twin Cities Chapter of the American Meteorological Society met on the evening of September 18th, at the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Chanhassen, MN. It was the first meeting of the new election year, with 12 members and 1 guest in attendance. A few minutes were taken at the beginning of the meeting to firm up plans for upcoming speakers and presentations.

The floor was then given to Donald C. Reicosky, a Soil Scientist for the USDA-ARS, North Central Soil Conservation Research Laboratory, Morris, MN, and Adjunct Professor in the Soil Science Department, University of Minnesota, St. Paul. He holds degrees from Ohio State University and the University of Illinois. His research deals with soil-water-plant-atmosphere relationships, with emphasis on measuring evapotranspiration, photosynthesis and plant water-status as related to soil water deficits and tillage. Research involves describing crop response and water use on conventional till and no-till systems with and without irrigation. Current research focuses on tillage and residue management as related to global change issues with emphasis on measuring gaseous losses of soil carbon following intensive tillage with a portable chamber. Recent research has shown short-term tillage-induced losses after moldboard plowing can help explain the long-term decline in soil carbon associated with intensive cropping. These results suggest need for improved conservation tillage methods for enhancement of the soil resource and environmental quality.

Mr. Reicosky spoke for 45 minutes on intensive tillage and soil quality and environmental concerns. According to Reicosky, there is a need for information on the impact of tillage on carbon dioxide (CO2) flow from soil and how farming practices can be managed to minimize impact on global climate change. This work presented an overview of studies that evaluated the effect of fall tillage methods, soil variability, conservation tillage tools, seasonal differences (fall versus spring tillage), and different cropping systems on short-term tillage-induced CO2 emissions. Soil organic matter losses are substantially reduced if tillage intensity is reduced or eliminated. The large gaseous losses of soil carbon following moldboard plowing compared to the relatively small losses with no-till have shown why crop production systems using plowing have decreased soil organic matter and why no-till crop production systems are stopping and reversing that trend. The environmental benefits of soil carbon sequestration were emphasized as they enhance our quality of life.---Seth Binau.


September 3rd, 2003 Meeting
Started at 5:04p.m.    Its the start of the new year and we have many things planned for this fall 2003 semester here at UNL. First off, the officers for the new year are:

president - Shelley Shindler vice President - Becky Obrecht Treasurer - Kyle Klute Secaretary - Kelly D. Faltin Our new AMS student chapter email is We have several plans in place for fundraising this year. First on the list is this comming this Saturday from 5-8 and we will be at Fazoli's greating people. Our second fundraiser is we are doing balloon sales for the Nebraksa vs. Kansas State game. Third is the pogo card, a card that has many Lincoln businesses on it with great deals. We hope that this is the big fundraiser for us. We also have a few other ideas we might put into place if needed.

We plan to attend a picnic being put on by the Omaha NWS office and the local AMS chapter on Tuesday the 16th, from 5:30 -8:30p.m. Students, tv personel, ect... will be there. The balloon launch, grilling, ams meeting and a tour will be planned.

We also plan on having a few of our students go to the National AMS meeting in Seattle based off what we can raise in fundraisers and whatnot.

We also have plans for some communtiy service. One plan that we will have in action soon is a program where a group of 3or 4 meteorology students go out to the local elementry and high schools and teach kids about weather safety and fun facts. We plan to do this throughout the year. Another plan is to sometime go out and help clean up trash in the ditches and roadsides around Lincoln.

Our local university news paper may give us an interview as well on what our club is all about and what we do. We also have a few other fun activities for our meteorology students. One is we plan to have a forecasting group that gets together two or three times a week to, well, forecast! We also have people organizing a chase team and group chase team email.

Thats pretty much everything for now, though more things will probably come up.

end of meeting 5:50p.m.---Kelly D. Faltin.


The campus forecast is being updated nine times per week this fall, and is being updated with the help of about two dozen undergraduates and graduate students. Also, we continue to update the mountain recreation forecast three times per week, which can be viewed from a link on the campus forecast page.

Our second annual amateur photo contest is now open for entries until March. This year, instead of just accepting weather photography, we are accepting any nature photography. We will be trying to gather entries from all over the community. All proceeds go to the American Red Cross Disaster Relief Fund.

Educational outreach has already begun for the year, and we have visited four classes so far, performing fun weather experiments in front of grade school students.


Meeting Minutes
Thursday, September 25, 2003

*Second meeting of the 2003/2004 school year.

*All Student AMS members in attendence were asked to vote (by a raise of hands) which presented t-shirt ideas would be used for this year t-shirt. There seemed to be no clear majority in the voting for any of the designs, so the officers decided that the voting would take place via e-mail (through Oct. 10) to Secretary Dan Zumpfe. The shirt logo was voted on, with Brendan Degen's "U and cloud/weather design" being selected by the majority of members in attendence. The shirt color was voted on, with athletic gray being selected by the majority of members in attendence.

*Student AMS members were reminded of the snowfall contest being organized by Treasurer Dave Myrick. Each entry costs $1 or 4 for $3. The deadline for the snowfall contest entries is Oct. 10.

*The annual Student AMS membership dues must be paid by Oct. 10 to Treasurer Dave Myrick in order for each member to receive a free club t-shirt.

*Educational Outreach opportunities (weekly visits to various middle and elementary schools) were announced by Vice President Maura Hahnenberger.

*Radio weather forecasts on K-UTE (campus radio station) were put on hold at this time due to lack of coordination with the K-UTE management.

*Members were solicited to help with this year's weather and nature photo contest. Specific needs of the contest included publicity, soliciting prizes, and other coordination.

*A social activity (bowling) and time was decided upon for the following Saturday evening, though conflicts in availability of the activity prompted the officers to cancel the event and schedule most of the activities through the end of the semester.

*The meeting was adjourned by President Todd Foisy.---Todd Foisy.


On September 15, 2003 the Wright Memorial chapter met for lunch at Carmel's Mexican Restaurant on Stroop Road in Kettering Ohio. This was the first meeting of the 2003-2004 year, and chapter president Pete Roohr introduced himself, new VP Jon Leffler, and Treasurer De Leon Narcisse. The new secretary, Danielle Lewis, could not make the meeting. President Roohr mentioned the creation of the new Joint AMS-NWA chapter over the summer, introduced the seasonal forecasting contest, upcoming speakers for the next two months, and asked for volunteers to handle the chapter web page and fundraising efforts for the next 10 months. He then introduced Maj Lou Cantrell, the guest speaker. Lou Cantrell is a staff meteorologist from the 88th Weather Squadron supporting mainly research efforts of the AFRL Sensors Directorate. He recently deployed to Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar from the middle of March to late July 2003. He worked in the Combined Air Operations Center as an operational meteorologist during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Lou's mission was to support many missions to include large tankers, the Predator Uninhabited Air Vehicle, and various surveillance and reconnaissance platforms. He mentioned that there was a Predator cell right next to him and that there were 16 weather personnel supporting two major airfields at Al Udeid and Prince Sultan Air Bases. One major issue he had to deal with was the support coalition air frames as AF Weather Agency only supported AF airframes. Lou had many experiences in the Middle East, to include a visit to the U.S. Nimitz, where he met members of the Navy's Fifth Fleet. He talked about the large dust storm that delayed ground operations during the first week of the war; AF Weather Agency's new dust model, embedded within the MM5 model, forecasted the severity and timing of the storm fairly well. Dust in general impacted medical evacuation, UAVs, and many Army operations throughout the desert region. There were a few specific missions that Lou was involved with during his five months over in the Middle East. He tried to help the tanker personnel by letting them know when there was a potential for the tankers to overheat above 112 deg F; the air conditioning on the aircraft had to be turned off on the taxiway, and would then overheat before takeoff. The C-17 cargo planes had problems operating above 85 deg F, and Lou had to determine a 90-minute window when the temperature would be below 85 deg F. Support to Navy Herrier jets was difficult as they were vulnerable to crosswinds above 16 knots, and they were landing at a base where the crosswinds were very strong. Maj Cantrell discussed a problem with Russian civilian airliners lying about weather problems diverting them into Afghanistan airspace; he helped verify that the Russian pilots were exaggerating at times. He also discussed an interesting concern that some senior officers had on the impact of weather on heroin and poppy seed production, which North Carolina State University helped out with (agricultural model). Two final weather factors that Lou mentioned were mountain wave turbulence, which impacted resupply and mobility efforts, and contrails, which were desired to scare the enemy. President Roohr gave Maj Cantrell a nice AMS coffee mug and reminded the audience that the next meeting would take place on 10 Oct, with a visit by John Kwiatkowski, SOO for the Indianapolis Office. Seventeen people attended this meeting.---Peter Roohr.


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