Chapter News
April 2006


Minutes, Anchorage AMS Chapter Meeting - April 19, 2006

Meeting Called to Order: The meeting was called to order at 11:20am by Aimee Fish, President. This month's meeting was held at the Anchorage National Weather Forecast Office. Introductions were given by all attendees.

Treasurer's Report: The Treasurer was not in attendance this meeting.

Old/New Business: The results of the 2006-2007 Executive Committee chapter election:

In addition, the results of our Forecast Contest were finally announced since the final forecast contest category closed May 15 (snowfall total for winter 2005-2006). Here is a rundown of the 2005-2006 contest winners:

First Snowfall
o Mike Grueber
- Forecast: 11/02/05 (2.0")
- Actual: 10/30/05 (1.40")

Winter High Temp (12/1 - 1/31)
o Jeff Osiensky
- Forecast: 48F (12/08/05)
- Actual: 48F (12/09/05)

Winter Lowest Pressure (9/24 - 3/30)
o Ed Wentworth
- Forecast: 963.2 mb (12/16/06)
- Actual: 966.1 mb (2/06/06)

Winter Highest Pressure (9/24-3/30)
o Aimee Fish
- Forecast: 1043 mb (3/20/06)
- Actual: 1042.7 mb (2/14/06)

Winter Low Temp (through May 15)
o Louise Williams
- Forecast: -10F (1/18/06)
- Actual: -11F (1/25-26/06)

Total Snowfall (through May 15)
o Jackie Purcell
- Forecast: 72.0"
- Actual: 70.0"

The old website will be restarted again for next season, with Lisa Reed volunteering to be the webmaster.

Main Event: Our Guest Speaker of the Meeting was John Whitney, the Science Support Coordinator for Alaska from NOAA Office of Response and Restoration (ORR). John briefed the chapter on the continuing recovery effort from the Selendang Ayu oil spill in the Aleutian Islands, and how forecast weather elements pay an important role for their oil spill models.

The Selendang Ayu was a 732-ft Malaysian freighter loaded with soybeans and carrying 483,000 gallons of heavy bunker oil (IFO 380) and 20,000 gallons of diesel fuel from Washington to China in December of 2004. A storm with hurricane force winds shoved the vessel towards Unalaska Island in the Aleutians causing it to run aground and split in two. Its cargo of soybeans and much of the oil and fuel were spilled into the ocean near Spray Cape, located on the northwest corner of Unalaska. This required collaboration between many agencies to help clean up the spill including NOAA ORR, the National Weather Service, the US Coast Guard, the National Data Buoy Center, the Office of Coast Survey, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service.

John was involved with the NOAA's Hazardous Materials Response Team who provided scientific response to the spill with the main objective to protect, asses, and restore the coastal environments. They served as the principal advisors to the Coast Guard due to their expertise in environmental chemical and oil slick tracking, pollutant transport modeling, knowledge of natural resources and cleanup.

The initial problem was the 500,000+ gallons of oil and fuel spilling into the water, and to a lesser extent, the soybeans (while talking about the soybeans, John brought out a huge bag of roasted soybeans for us to snack on!). The IFO 380 had characteristics to allow it to float on top of the water, form patches rather than slicks, and flow initially like honey but with time more like peanut butter. The Coast Guard was able to lighter (carry off) 108,000 gallons of oil and fuel, which left the rest to either use dispersants on or come ashore in the very windy environment.

Ashore, teams were set up to identify heavy oil coverage areas and assess the tactics needed to clean these areas up if any at all. The teams are called SCAT, Shoreline Cleanup Assessment Teams. The SCAT also had to help decide whether an area would be touched at all, rather to leave it to Mother Nature to clean up with wave action. They discovered 30 times more soybeans (132 million pounds!) than oil volume, as shown in the picture. The clean up process is very arduous and time-consuming process. There are very strict codes on how things are handled and cleaned. The cleanup process is still underway at the time of this meeting.

John showed how important a good collaboration between agencies can help in an incident such as this one. He also introduced us to the ORR and illustrated and emphasized their objectives and goals. A very interesting and informative meeting, that didn't let us go hungry either!

Meeting Adjourned: The meeting was adjourned by Aimee Fish at 12:45pm---Lisa Reed.


April 7, 2006

Alumni Weekend (April 28-29):
Alumni Weekend is quickly approaching. The weekend consists of a Friday night reception followed by alumni panel talks Saturday morning and a BBQ later that afternoon. We have a wide variety of alumni returning, representing broadcasting, education, the military and private forecasting. If you are planning to attend, please email Tom (ted27) or Kim (kbc6) to let them know. The cost for the entire weekend is $10 for the entire weekend ($15 for non members). Give your money to Pat (pcm28) or place it in the CCAMS envelope in 1125 with your name on it. Additionally, if you would like to help set up for the reception on Friday, we can always use as much help as possible. Email Tom or Kim if you'd like to help out.

Meteorology Track Presentation:
Along with the Alumni Weekend events, Alyssa (amp66) is working on putting together a presentation by upperclassmen to freshmen about the variety of different paths people are pursuing within the major. This presentation will likely be held either Thursday, April 27 or Friday, April 28 before the evening reception. The idea is that each upperclassman will give a short overview of what aspect of meteorology they are interested in and how they became interested in that area. Freshmen will then have an opportunity to learn about the variety of different paths they can potentially take, as well as get more specific information about anything they think they may also want to pursue. If you are an upperclassman interested in participating, email Alyssa (amp66) to let her know what area you'd like to talk about.

CCAMS elections are coming up at the end of this month. Before we can have elections, however, we have to hold a formal nomination meeting. More detailed information about the entire process will be coming later this week. The elected positions are President (either Co-Presidents or a President and Vice President), Secretary, and Treasurer. Only CCAMS members can vote in the election, so if you haven't paid your dues for this semester, now is the time. New officers will need to join the AMS if they aren't already members. The nomination meeting will be held this coming Friday (4/14), with elections the following Friday (4/21).

Senior Panel:
After the elections, we will be holding our traditional senior panel. Seniors will talk about what they are doing next year and any advice they may have for anyone interested in doing something similar. Juniors are especially urged to come since this is a great opportunity to ask any questions you may have about the grad school and job application process.

Movie Night:
The month of April is always busy, but we haven't had a movie night the entire year. We would like to have one the Wednesday before Alumni Weekend (4/26) after advanced forecasting (around 7pm). If this date is particularly bad, please let us know and we can move it to a more convenient time.

I know that was a lot of information all at once, but we have a lot of events coming up. Please plan on attending Alumni Weekend, and let us know that you're coming as soon as possible. More information will be coming out about the nomination and election process, so watch your email.

Reminder--Upcoming Meetings and Events:
April 14-Nomination Meeting
April 21-Elections and Senior Panel
April 26-Movie Night
April 28-29-Alumni Weekend

April 21, 2006

Congratulations to the 2006-2007 CCAMS officers!

Yolanda Roberts
Owen Shieh

Natasha Hodas

Pat Meyers

Additionally, please let Kim (kbc6) or Tom (ted27) know if you are coming to Alumni Weekend (next weekend, April 28-29). We need to know how many people are coming in order to finalize our preparations.---Faye Barthold.


April/May 2006 Newsletter

The Arctic is Melting: Does Congress Care?

Report of the April 2006 Meeting of the DC-AMS Chapter

The 25 April 2006 meeting of the DC Chapter of the American Meteorological Society (DC AMS) was held at the National Weather Service headquarters, Silver Spring, MD. Chapter member Stanley Doore gave members posters on the relationships of International System (metric or SI) derived units.

This month's topic was "The Arctic is Melting:Does Congress Care?". The invited guests were Dr. Robert Corell, lead author and chair of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment 1 (ACIA), and Dr. Paul Higgins, Congressional Science Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS). Both are authorities on modern climate change.

Dr. Corell emphasized the role that the Arctic plays in global climate. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in the moderate "B2 scenario" 2; predicted that the atmospheric level of CO2 will get to 621 ppm by the year 2100, which is double the value in the middle of the 20th Century, and will be increasing the global warming. Temperature reconstructions of the past 2000 years show that the Arctic climate is now warming faster than we have seen in the past, and that increasing greenhouse gases (especially CO2 ) resulting from human activities, may warm the Earth even more rapidly in the future. Analysis of the global mean temperature over the past 125 years shows that the global mean surface temperature has increased between 0.3o and 0.6oC, and that 2005 may have had the highest mean temperature on record. The IPCC 2001 report ( states the global temperature must be kept less than 2°C above today's temperatures to avoid 'dangerous' interference in climate change. He expects that the 2007 report of the IPCC will peg the rate of temperature change at 2° to 3°C for a doubling of CO2. Dr. Corell showed a plot based on the NCAR Parallel Climate Model (PCM) suggesting that anthropogenic factors have contributed to global warming over the last 40 years, with a 95% confidence level.

Dr. Corell then looked at the role of the oceans. Rising global temperatures may well disrupt global transport of heat by ocean currents. Showing the work of James Hansen of NASA, he added that the earth absorbs more energy from the Sun than it is re-emitting. Ninety percent (90%) of this excess heat goes into warming the ocean. The oceans are the key to global energy balance. The oceans contain 97% of the earth's water, experience 86% of the evaporation, and are responsible for one-half of the transport of energy from the equatorial to the Polar regions. As stated above, the Earth has already warmed in modern times by about 0.6oC; the oceans have enough stored energy to increase the global temperature by yet another step of 0.6oC. Taken together, we are already 2/3 of the way to the IPCC's threshold of a 2oC increase. Corell spoke to the concern that Arctic climate change may lead to a shutdown of the Atlantic Ocean deep circulation; according to him a "redistribution" of currents is more likely than a "shutdown."

According to Dr. Corell, warming of the Arctic directly impacts some Indigenous Peoples and animals. Many towns around the Arctic Ocean are facing increased erosion and flooding due to ferocious storm surges, which were not a problem when ice was present. The community of Shishmaref, Alaska, which sits on an island only ½ mile wide, lost up to ¼ of the width of the island in recent years. Decreased sea ice threatens polar bears and some seal species with extinction. Steps are now being taken to put polar bears on the list of endangered species. Also, as CO2 rises in the atmosphere over the oceans, pH will decrease in the water. We have already seen a 30% increase in the acidity of the ocean, disrupting phytoplankton production.

Corell spoke of a 10o to 12oC warming in the Arctic over one century. Greenland is projected to warm 3o to 6oC. The area of the Greenland ice sheet that undergoes summer melting has increased on the order of 70% over the last 25 years -- water released from land-based frozen ice sheets and glaciers adds to the rise of sea level, unlike the melting of icebergs and sea ice. The complete melting of the Greenland ice sheet would lead to a 7 meter rise in sea rise. Coastal communities and facilities would face increasing exposure to storms. A one meter sea level rise could inundate Southern Florida and many coral atoll nations that only have 1 - 2 meters of topographic height.

Dr. Corell stated that the warming of the Arctic climate will have a tremendous effect on marine shipping and navigation: Russia and Canada are already planning for routine shipping through the Northwest Passage and along the Arctic shoreline. Major geopolitical issues in the Arctic Basin such as access, seaward claims, and boundary disputes remain unresolved.

His final remark was that the best we can do is to outline plausible paths to the future. For example, over 650 cities in the world, including 150 in the United States, have adopted Climate Plans.

The second speaker of the evening, Congressional Science Fellow Paul Higgins, remarked on climate legislation and policy. Proposed climate regulations have two approaches:

1. A cap-and-trade scheme that imposes limits on greenhouse-gas emissions while allowing companies to buy and sell the right to emit; and

2. An air pollution license fee scheme.

Examples of the former approach are the Kyoto accords, and the 1990 Clean Air Act. Higgins said that he favors the latter approach. Higgins outlined 3 obstacles to enacting meaningful climate legislation: The meeting ended with a vigorous question-and-answer session.

1. The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment was published by Cambridge University Press in 2004 and is available online at

2. In the IPCC Report, the B2 storyline and family of scenarios describes a world in which the emphasis is on local solutions to economic, social, and environmental sustainability. It is a world with continuously increasing global population, intermediate levels of economic development, and less rapid and more diverse technological change. While the scenario is also oriented toward environmental protection and social equity, it focuses on local and regional levels.---Lauraleen O'Connor.


The April meeting of the Houston Chapter of the AMS was held Thursday, April 20th. After an informal dinner at the Chipotle Mexican Grill, we convened at the Weather Research Center for our meeting. Twenty-three members were in attendance. After a brief review of chapter business and plans for the May meeting, the program was turned over to Jill Hasling, Director of the Weather Research Center (WRC). Jill gave a presentation on the WRC hurricane seasonal outlook, which is based on the Orbital Cyclone Strike Index (OCSI) developed by Dr. John C. Freeman and Jill. The OSCI suggests that the sun's orbital cycle and sunspot cycle relate to variations in incoming radiation which in turn can be related to hurricane seasonal activity. The OSCI technique yields a seasonal forecast for 2006 of 11 named storms and 5 hurricanes. She also predicts four named storms will make landfall in the U.S., with the highest threat being to the southeast Atlantic coast and Florida. Following the presentation, the chapter was given a tour of the new John C. Freeman Weather Museum, which held it's grand opening April 20-22. The museum was the result of over a decade of work by the WRC to gather artifacts and modern technology for display. The recent acquisition of a fine building in the Houston Museum District gave the Center a place to host the first museum in the U.S. solely dedicated to weather. The museum occupies the first floor of the building, with the upstairs converted into operations and administration for the Weather Research Center. After a discussion of the development of the museum, chapter members were able to get hands on familiarity with the various sections of the museum. We congratulated Jill and the Weather Research Center on this outstanding accomplishment!---Bill Read.


Minutes for April 20, 2006

Guest Speaker - Dr. Gene Takle, Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) Cy's Eyes NCWFC Minnesota trip Social - AMS Picnic Historian Conference reimbursements update Academic VEISHEA Severe wx safety poster contest School talks Chapter of the Year Application End-of-year survey Officer Elections Upcoming events: The seniors would like to thank everyone for the great memories.
Good luck next year and they hope to see the chapter continue to do its awesome work.


---Justin Gehrts.


GBM (AMS Elections) 4-12-06
Start time: 6:35PM
President Vice-President Secretary Voting Results

Laura Ballard (25)
Hayley LaPoint (11)
Kevin Kieper (6)

  • The majority votes in Laura Ballard

    Treasurer Voting Results

    Eric Guillot (20)
    Brian DeCicco (14)
    Hayley LaPoint (5)
    Rachel Domings (2)

  • The majority votes in Eric Guillot

    Public Relations Officer Voting Results

    Rich Maliwaco (24)
    Jim Politis (18)

  • The majority votes in Rich Maliwaco

    Community Outreach Officer Voting Results

    Joe Reedy (18)
    Steve LaVoie (12)
    Jim Politis (10)
    Hayley LaPoint (0)

  • The majority votes in Joe Reedy

    End time: 8:25PM---Jon Cunningham.


    Summary of NYC/LI AMS Chapter Meeting on April 25th.

    On the evening of April 25th, approximately 30 members of the Chapter gathered at Stony Brook University's Marine Sciences Research Center. Following a light dinner at a local restaurant, the meeting kicked off at approximately 7:30 PM. In addition to the meeting, members of Stony Brook's Meteorology Club sold T-Shirts to help support their club activities. Mark Kramer began the meeting by announcing the results of the recent Chapter election. All officers were re-elected with Chair: Mark Kramer, Vice Chair: Frank Castelli, Treasurer: Sam Abrahamer and Secretary: Jeffrey Tongue.

    Mr. Kramer announced upcoming activities of the Chapter include participation with the The main speaker for the evening was Mr. Craig Allen, Meteorologist. Mr. Allen is a longtime television and radio personality in the New York City metropolitan area, a graduate of Stony Brook University and long time member of the Chapter. Currently, Mr. Allen is employed as an on-air meteorologist with WCBS-TV and WCBS 880 AM "News-Radio" in New York City. Mr. Allan presented a fascinating talk entitled "So you want to be a TV/radio meteorologist?"

    Mr. Allen gave a very thought provoking discussion for the members and particularly the students in attendance, on how one's career path is influenced and changed by seemingly minor events and personal associations. He described how his childhood interests in meteorology became his him life long passion. In discussing careers opportunities for the students, Mr. Allen was positive, but indicated that they would need to me willing to relocate and move to get into the field and advance. Craig related several bloopers from TV and radio weather forecasts across the country.

    After the meeting, Mr. Allen met with Stony Brook students and discussed internships for college students in the atmospheric sciences and specifically in TV and radio broadcasting.---Mark Kramer.


    The North Florida Chapter of the AMS held its April meeting at 7:30pm on April 20, 2006, in Room 353 of the Love Building on FSU’s campus. In attendance were approximately 25 members, including three-fifths of the executive board. The meeting was opened by President Pat Taylor with an introduction of the nominees for each of the officer positions. For President, the candidates were Jessica Fieux and Michael Porter. For Vice President, the candidate was Clark Evans. For Secretary, the candidate was Katie Walls. Finally, for treasurer, the candidates were Charlie Woodrum and David Piech. A call for additional nominees was made, with no new additions to the lineup. At this point, each candidate in attendance was given the opportunity to speak to the membership and state their qualifications toward the position for which they were seeking.

    Before voting, a few items of chapter business were introduced. Vice President Geoff Wagner announced the chapter’s final social event of the academic year, an Earth Day Picnic at Tom Brown Park in Tallahassee, set for this Saturday, April 22nd, at 1pm. Science & Education Committee Chair Jessica Donnelly thanked members of her committee for volunteering at Springtime Tallahassee, where over 2000 donated posters from NASA were distributed to the town’s residents, and noted that several science fairs at local elementary schools were scheduled for Tuesday, with volunteers desired. Treasurer Cerese Albers made some general comments about the past year for the Membership Committee and closed with a final remark about the chapter’s finances (approx. $100 in the bank for next year). Finally, Katie Walls noted that the chapter was just short of the needed interest to obtain a reduced price on t-shirt orders and passed around the sign-up sheet.

    With chapter business closed and a quorum of the membership in attendance, ballots were distributed to all active members for Executive Board elections for 2006-2007. After ballots were collected, the Executive Board members in attendance adjourned to tally the results. The newly-elected Executive Board for the 2006-2007 chapter year is as follows:

    President: Jessica Fieux
    Jessica will be a new graduate student in meteorology at Florida State in the 2006-2007 year, studying tropical dynamics under Dr. Paul Reasor. She has been a member of the chapter since its inception in 2001-2002.

    Vice-President: Clark Evans
    Clark will be a first year PhD student in meteorology at Florida State in the 2006-2007 year, studying tropical dynamics under Dr. Bob Hart. He has served in a variety of roles within the chapter since its inception, including Secretary (2001-2002), President (2002-2003), and Science & Education Committee Chair (2003-2004).

    Secretary: Katie Walls
    Katie will be a senior undergraduate student in meteorology at Florida State in the 2006-2007 year. She has been actively involved with the chapter over the past year, working to enhance the visibility of the chapter’s many events and activities.

    Treasurer: Charlie Woodrum
    Charlie will be a junior undergraduate student in meteorology at Florida State in the 2006-2007 year. He has been involved with many activities of the FSU meteorology department and the local chapter in the two years that he has been in Tallahassee.

    The last event of the 2005-2006 chapter year will be held this Saturday, April 22nd, at Tom Brown Park. The outgoing Executive Board of President Pat Taylor, Vice President Geoff Wagner, Secretary Rachel Austin, and Treasurer Cerese Albers thanks the membership for helping to make the 2005-2006 a successful year for the North Florida Chapter. The incoming Executive Board looks forward to an even better 2006-2007, with the potential for meetings and social activities over the course of the summer. The meeting was adjourned at the completion of voting results at approximately 8:30pm.---Clark Evans.


    OUSCAMS Meeting #12
    Tuesday April 11, 2006

    ---Christy Wall.


    April Meeting Minutes---Evan Kuchera.


    320 PIEZ HALL
    20 People in attendance

    President Holly opened the meeting at 7:01PM EST.

    Public Relations Officer Shawn had nothing on the agenda.

    Treasurer Nick talked about the picnic and gave the following points: Secretary Brian talked about his 50/50 photograph contest: Vice President Nicole updated us about the conference: Nicole sent out a message to all NWS MIC and also sent that email to all the universities in the region - to the heads of the depts., also to all local AMS chapters.

    The Conference will be held in Hewitt Union due to the possibility of more people than we anticipated at first.

    Keep watching the website for news and updates.

    President Holly talked about the T-shirt and the Nominations for next year's officers: Presidential nominations were first and the following people were nominated: Vice Presidential nominations were second and the following people were nominated: Secretarial nominations were third and the following person was -nominated: Treasurer nominations were fourth and the following people we nominated: Public Relations nominations were last and the following person was nominated: ELECTIONS ARE NEXT MEETING

    End Time 7:56PM

    NEXT MEETING THURSDAY MAY 11, 2006 7:00PM PIEZ 320---Brian Curtis.


    The April 4th meeting of PSUBAMS featured Keith Westerlage, Vice President of on- camera meteorology at The Weather Channel, whose presentation followed a PSUBAMS ice cream social. He talked about The Weather Channel and what it takes to be an on- camera meteorologist. He said that it is important to consider the audience, on air principles, and reality vs. perception. To engage the viewer, an on-camera meteorologist should have a good voice, talk to the audience not at them, enjoy being on the air and have a good appearance.

    The Weather Channel forecasts for 17,000 different locations all over the world that are updated at least five times per day. The weather graphics can't be the story, they have to help tell the story. There are continuous interactions among on-camera meteorologists, producers, radio forecasters, and media since The Weather Channel runs 24/7. The successful on-camera meteorologist must have a good background in meteorology as well as communication.

    The April 25th meeting of PSUBAMS featured Brigadier General David L. Johnson, the Director of the National Weather Service (NWS). The NWS is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) which is part of the nation's Department of Commerce. The NWS is the largest branch of NOAA's six branches. It is divided into six regions in the continental United States and there are 122 Weather Forecasting Offices throughout the country. There are also two new additions to the tsunami warning centers across the globe- one in Alaska and one in Hawaii.

    From 1980 to 2005 there were 67 weather related events that caused over $1 billion in damage in the United States. There are 210 million global weather observations daily. Johnson explained climate test beds, which are research projects which can consist of making code for forecast models. He pointed out how hurricane and tornado warnings are becoming more accurate. There are 1003 ASOS sites and many Doppler radars which cover 97% of the population. Observers take readings and send them to the weather service and trained spotters help out as well with severe storms. Johnson noted that the office in New Orleans stayed up with its radar throughout Hurricane Katrina.

    The most important goal of the NWS is to create storm ready communities. This can only be accomplished by educating people on the dangers that can be faced in their area. For most areas, it is not if a natural disaster will strike, it is when. The key is for people to know what to do to prepare when a disaster threatens their area to mitigate loss of life and property.

    Johnson told the student body of PSUBAMS that if a student wants to work for the National Weather Service, it is just as important to have a good background in computer programming as it is in weather forecasting as today more and more forecasts are automated. Johnson was asked if the job openings in the NWS are more limited now because of the lower demand for forecasters, and he replied that this is not the case. He said there are many openings in other areas besides forecasting. Helping write code for computer models is very important because one of the National Weather Service's greatest goals is to create exceptional forecasting models. He added that the NWS will hire you if you have a "40 pound brain."

    To apply for a job in NWS, please visit Hagen.


    Plymouth State University
    All Members Meeting

    Date: Wednesday April 5, 2006
    Minutes: 7:00pm- 7:30pm
    Members in Attendance: Chris W, Katie F, Katie P, Andy T
    Attendance: 24

    Topics Discussed:

    Chris Winters discussed:

    Election Rules for 2006

    Nominations for the office of President/VP/Treasurer/Secretary
    -Begin Wednesday April 5, 2006 at 3:30 pm
    - End Friday April 21, 2006 at 11:59pm

    Nomination Acceptance:
    - Nominees will be informed no later than Saturday April 22, 2006 by e-mail and Chris will attempt to make contact over the phone.
    -A single person can be nominated for multiple positions
    - You need to indicate what your first preference is because it will be noted as that on the ballet
    - End-Your last chance to except your nomination is Monday April 24, 2006 at 3:00 pm

    - Only paid members ( are eligible to vote
    - The election meeting is scheduled for Wednesday April 26, 2006 at 7:00pm
    - No voting after this meeting

    Absentee Ballots:
    -AVAILABLE: Monday April 24, 2006 at 3:45 pm
    - You may pick a ballot up from these people: Chris Winters, Andy Travis, Katie Francoeur, and Katie Pingree

    -DUE: April 26, 2006 up to point of elections
    - You may turn your ballot into Dr. Hoffman, Andy Travis, or Chris Winters

    Katie Pingree discussed:

    March of Dimes: Raises awareness about premature birth and raises funds to help save the lives of premature babies.
    -We would like to set up an AMS team to collect and donate to the cause.


    Riverfront Park
    12 Green Street
    Plymouth, NH 03264

    Day and Time: Sunday May 7, 2006 @ 10 am

    Sign up info is located at the PSU Community Service Learning Center in the HUB. You can also help out setup/breakdown, volunteer to work at the table in the HUB raising awareness, walk, or fundraise if you want.

    People who are interested in a team should stay after the meeting to get a name and contact. March of Dimes:

    local chapter in NH:

    Located 22 Bridge Street
    Concord, NH 03301
    Phone: 228-0317

    To get more information on the March of Dimes on campus, you can contact Nancy at: 1-603-535-3026

    Katie Francoeur discussed:
    We received an e-mail from Kelly Savoie, who wanted us to extend their welcome to any AMS members who want to become National AMS members. Katie made you aware of the benefits and will e-mail you the link so you can read it for yourself. The link to become a National AMS member is: If you want to run for AMS president or vice president, then you must be a part of the National AMS. If you want to be on the executive board, then it is recommended that you become a National member.

    Andy Travis discussed:
    Camping- We are looking towards the weekend of the 28-30th, 2006 with the location TBA.
    Possibilities are: Lake Ombegog, NH or on the Kank near Conway
    Also because of our financial situation we would appreciate it if anyone was willing to buy a t-shirt and bumper sticker for around $7 to help the club out. Or you could talk to those who haven't paid their dues for Storm Conference costs yet.....Katie Francoeur.


    Meeting Minutes
    Thursday, April 13, 2006

    The meeting was called to order by chapter president Brian O'Hara at 5:30 pm PDT. He welcomed the attendees and thanked them for coming.

    Weather briefing:
    Dr. Mike Kaplan of the Desert Research Institute (DRI) in Reno gave the evening's weather briefing. He also discussed the anomalously cool and wet weather that much of the western U. S. had experienced during March.

    Evening's program:
    The chapter enjoyed two presentations this evening. The first presentation was given by Nicholas Nussbaum of DRI. His talk was entitled "Air sampling methods for detection and characterization of biofuel emissions". He discussed the research he and others conducted in comparing fuel emissions in Boise, Idaho during the winter of 2004-05. They compared fuel emissions from school buses. Some of the buses used regular fuel and others used biofuels. They found that the biofuels did not improve the emissions from the buses, and thus the resulting air quality.

    The second presentation was given by Shar Samy of DRI. He described a research facility in Spain that monitored air quality. His talk was entitled "EUPHORE large-scale environmental chamber in Spain for analysis of atmospheric transformation of pollutants". This facility is instrumental in the monitoring of chemical reactions in the atmosphere.

    When both presentations were completed chapter president Brian O'Hara gave each speaker a momento from the chapter - a clear green glass paperweight with "Reno - Lake Tahoe Student Chapter - American Meteorological Society" engraved on the back. It is hoped that these momentos will provide a good memory to the speaker of their appearance before the chapter, and to also give exposure of the new student chapter, and of the national AMS, to the wider community.

    Officer reports:
    There were no officer reports this meeting.

    Unfinished business:
    Brian O'Hara had updated the draft constitution using input from chapter members. Parts of the draft constitution had been approved at the March chapter meeting. At the March meeting, and through email, members proposed revisions to the draft document. At this April meeting, for each article of the constitution that still had proposed revisions, Brian O'Hara read each article separately. Each article was then approved by the chapter members present. There were no new suggestions for changes to the draft constitution. Because of this Brian moved that this document be the chapter's official constitution and by-laws. The chapter approved the measure. Brian stated that he would send this constitution to AMS Headquarters as the chapter's official constitution and by-laws.

    Brian O'Hara continued discussion of the proposed weather calendar, discussion that was started at the March meeting. Producing a weather calendar would provide students with an excellent opportunity to engage in research into the weather and climate of the region. Selling the calendars would also give the chapter income with which it could pursue various activities. The income could be used to fund field trips. It could also eventually be used for such things as creating a scholarship for students. This item will continue to be discussed.

    New business:
    Chapter advisor Melanie Wetzel reminded chapter members of the upcoming Northern Nevada AMS local chapter meeting to be held the next Tuesday, April 18, 2006.

    Brian O'Hara mentioned that he would like the chapter to submit an application to the AMS each year for consideration as "Chapter of the Year" or for "Honorable Mention" status. Brian felt that the chapter has done an incredible amount in its first few months of existence. He felt that we had an enthusiastic membership and that we would be able to make significant contributions to the local community, and to the national AMS, in the future.

    The meeting was adjourned at 7:23 pm PDT.---Brian F. O'Hara.


    The Twin Cities Chapter of the American Meteorological Society held two meetings in April. The first was held at the meteorology department at St. Cloud State University on April 11. We provided an audience and some critique of a couple of senior projects: Jim Peterson investigated capping inversions in nocturnal thunderstorms. His motivation for his investigation was that the forecast for such events was too far south. Part of his methodology was Farrell and Carlson's 1989 Monthly Weather Review study which showed that these events was proportional to the lid strength, which is the equivalent potential temperature at the top of the inversion minus the surface wet bulb temperature. He looked for convective events which initiated near frontal inversions during his study period of June through August of 1998 through 2003. He wanted to show the events in the central Plains - Kansas and Nebraska - were more of a capped nature, while those in the northern Plains and Midwest - South Dakota and Iowa - were convective, and all were related to a critical lid strength, which depended upon region and which would be discovered by empirical evidence. Despite his investigation, possibly due to a limited number of good cases, that there really wasn't a trend or critical lid strength he could use.

    The second presenter was Amber Metzker, who reported on her work last summer at the University of New York, University at Stony Brook. She studied the air-sea interaction off the Great South Bay (south side of Long Island, NY). She was looking for the dominant factors of sea surface temperatures in this area. Those who are curious as to the growth of hard clams (they stop growing between 6 deg C and 26 deg C) and by those interested in the brown tide were curious about her findings. Her data was gathered from her own sampling and was collected from nearby cooperative and synoptic sites. She focused on sensible heat flux, mainly due to the air-sea temperature difference. She was able to see a strong relationship between sea-skin temperatures and weather events. She did discover that the dominant factor in sea-surface temperature was sensible heat flux, but latent heat flux was also a major forcing mechanism.

    After the presentations, there was mingling and discussion with some of the students and faculty.

    The second meeting in April was held on April 28, and our speaker was Tim Samaras of Applied Research Associates. Tim presented some results of his research with his "turtles", devices of his own design created to investigate meteorological conditions - pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction - in the proximity of tornadoes. In five years of placing these devices in the paths of tornadoes, he has gotten five good sets of observations, one of them recording a pressure drop of 100 mb. He has a set of probes which can record a 360-degree view horizontally. Along with his pressure data, he has been able to compute wind speeds in the lowest few feet of a tornado, a previously unexplored region of a tornado. He then showed some videotape of some of his efforts. Then, he mentioned that his probes will be used in the upcoming field experiment VORTEX II, and in efforts to measure the thermodynamics of the rear-flank downdraft.---Chris Bovitz.


    Thursday, April 20, 2006.

    Elections were held. Here are the results:

    President: BJ Barbre'
    VP: Ty Martin
    Secretary: Holly Searcy
    Treasurer: Chris Jewett
    Student Rep: Calvin Elkins

    In addition, we discussed the Career Fair and science fairs, both of which turned out well. Near- future plans include a joint meeting with the TVC AMS, with Mike Coyne speaking at a local resturant- most likely Green Hills Grille, on 11 May. For the summer, the main event will be a summer picnic with the TVC AMS, but we will also do other stuff such as attend baseball games and have cookouts. For the fall, an idea of hosting a student conference was brought up. This will be planned starting in the summer...look for a committee to be formed here...

    Best of luck on finals!---Holly Searcy.


    Resurgence of AMS Student Chapter Activities at the University of Northern Colorado

    The Student Chapter of the AMS at the University of Northern Colorado (UNCO) has experienced a resurgence of activities over the past three years associated with an invigorated undergraduate meteorology program. The academic year 2005-2006 has been especially productive, as reported below.

    Student attendance at the AMS Annual Meeting
    The national AMS meeting this year in Atlanta promised the allure of great scientists and great meteorological science for undergraduate students in the chapter. Using a variety of funding sources including AMS travel scholarships and even individual payment, nine students from UNC attended the meeting. This was apparently the second-largest group of undergraduate students attending the meeting from one university. This is quite an accomplishment since UNCO is a small state school that does not provide any significant resources for travel funding.

    Students created and exhibited a poster highlighting the UNCO chapter. The chapter president displayed her poster at the student conference, which resulted from participation in the Research Experiences for Undergraduates at the University of Oklahoma during summer 2005. Upon returning from the conference, the nine students collaborated to produce an hour-long seminar for the Earth Sciences Program describing their experiences at the Annual meeting. Their summary covered topics ranging from how to get to the meeting and pay for expenses, highlights from some of their favorite presentations, and details about fantastic networking opportunities encountered at the meeting. Indeed, these networking opportunities led to acceptance in graduate programs at other institutions for three of our graduating seniors.

    Student participation in tours and regional workshops

    Chapter members toured the NWS office in Cheyenne, WY on November 13th 2005. The visit included a tour of the Nexrad tower and a discussion of the timeline over which forecast products are issued and how they are disseminated as part of the National Digital Forecast Database. Students also attended several regional workshops, including the Winter Weather Seminar hosted by Denver’s News Channel 7. Invited speakers at the seminar discussed the challenges of forecasting winter weather along Colorado’s front range, including upslope precipitation events, downslope winds, and bora winds. Several members of the chapter regularly chase summer thunderstorms in Eastern Colorado, and were quite pleased to attend the National Storm Chasers Convention this February in Denver. Additional chapter members also plan to attend the Colorado Climate Seminar on April 11th, again hosted by Denver’s News Channel 7 and tour the David Skaggs NOAA building in Boulder, including visits to the NWS Boulder office and a viewing of the “Science on a Sphere” demonstration.

    Community Service

    On peak travel days prior to the 2005 Thanksgiving and Christmas travel seasons (23 Nov, and 21 Dec 2005, respectively), members of the UNCO student chapter visited Denver’s News Channel 7 offices to support a “winter weather travel line”. Throughout the evening news broadcast, 9 to 11 of our AMS members stood by to receive phone calls from winter travelers and fielded any question they had about the weather. Approximately 100 calls were received during the 1-hour news broadcast. The phone lines became especially busy when Mike Nelson was delivering his weather broadcast live from the phone room, and callers could see with whom they were speaking! Callers asked not only about domestic travel concerns, but also regarding transoceanic flights and travel to all other continents excluding Antarctica.

    Visiting Speaker: Dr. Charles Doswell III

    The Chapter president, Ms. Julie Phillipson, participated in the Research Experiences for Undergraduates at the University of Oklahoma during summer 2005. While there, Ms. Phillipson invited Dr. Charles “Chuck” Doswell III to visit UNCO and deliver a seminar while offering career planning advice to meteorology students. The visit, on 24 March 2006, was co-sponsored by the Math and Science Teaching Institute at UNCO, and was a spectacular success. Over 120 members of the UNC community attending the seminar, which also included scientists visiting from NCAR, regional chapters, and even meteorologists from the Canadian Meteorological Service who were conveniently conducting business in Boulder. Dr. Doswell discussed three facets of storm chasing: Ingredients-based forecasting to help determine where to chase, poor-choices and dangerous behaviors that are encountered along the chase, and perspectives on the raw beauty of chasing storms (not necessarily tornadoes) across the Great Plains.

    Membership and Officer position changes

    Membership in the chapter continues to grow, and we have developed a strategy that particularly focuses on recruiting underclassmen to participate. Indeed, a 5th officer position was created, called “Underclassman at Large”, which is an introductory and preparatory position for entering students to help maintain continuity of activities and even representation from one year to the next.

    Four of this year’s graduating students have been accepted to graduate studies beginning Fall 2006. This represents about 1/3 of the graduating seniors in this year’s class. In part, their success is due to the camaraderie and extra-curricular experiences created by chapter activities, especially the networking that occurred between students and graduate faculty at other institutions at the annual meeting.---Paul Nutter.


    April 20, 2006

    President - Chasity Beard
    Vice-President - Paul Boudreaux
    Secretary - Tara Golden
    Treasurer - Sommer Garrett
    SeCAPS Coordinator - Javier Vazquez
    Public Relations - Jenny Smith
    Webmaster - Jason Holmes
    Faculty Advisors - Ryan and Gina Wade

    The new officers for next year are as follows:
    President - Tara Golden
    Vice-President - Javier Vazquez
    Secretary - Reba Redd
    Treasurer - Tiffany Borgstede
    SeCAPS Coordinator - Ronnie Schumann, III (appointed)
    Public Relations - Donovan Scarbrough (appointed)
    Webmaster - Jason Holmes (appointed)

    The meteorology club announced the following 2 awards:
    Member of the Year - Javier Vazquez
    Most Active/Enthusiastic Member - Donovan Scarbrough

    At the USA Student Organization Awards Banquet, the meteorology club received the Organization Proficiency Award, and both Ryan and Gina received the Outstanding Advisor Award.

    Guest Speaker
    Our guest speaker at the meeting was Chris Dyke, who is a USA meteorology graduate. Chris is stationed at Shaw Air Force Base in South Carolina. He is a 2nd Lt. in the U.S. Air Force, and he is a CENTAF Weather Officer. His presentation was on "Combat Forecasting and Forecasting in Areas with Little Data." He outlined the regions of the Middle East and SW Asia that CENTAF Weather forecasts for, and he described the different forecasting techniques used at CENTAF Weather. His presentation was very interesting and informative.

    Recap of this past years events/activities
    The meteorology club was involved in numerous events and activities this past year. We had a cookout and 2 movie nights. Members of the club helped with several events that were held at the Mitchell Center, including the Science Olympiad, the Regional Science Fair, Expanding Your Horizons, and Orientation. Several of our members traveled to Atlanta for the National AMS Student Conference and to Mississippi State University in Starkville, MS for the Southeast Severe Storms Symposium. A few of our members were lucky enough to get the opportunity to attend part of the Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference which was held in Mobile, AL. The meteorology club has also participated in many intramural sports this year, including flag football, basketball, volleyball, and softball. Our 3rd Annual Southeastern Coastal and Atmospheric Processes Symposium was a huge success thanks to all of the meteorology students and faculty who were involved in the planning and preparation.---Tara Golden.


    April Newsletter---Mary Bedrick.


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