LaTeX authors can use the AMS LaTeX template for proper formatting. 


  • Abstracts must be limited to 250 words. This conforms to ISO standards and the needs of abstracting services (MGA, etc.). If the abstract text entered in the abstract field of the upload system does not match the abstract in the manuscript then the submission will be returned to the author for correction. First-person construction (e.g., I/my/we/our) and reference citations are not permitted. 
  • Expedited Contributions: Length of no more than 2500 words (approximately 9 double-spaced pages), including the manuscript body through appendices and acknowledgments, but not the abstract, figure caption list, or references. No length waivers can be requested for this submission type. Expedited Contributions may not contain more than a total of six tables and figures.
  • All other manuscript types: Length of 7500 words or less not counting the abstract, figure caption list or references. If a submission exceeds the word limit the author must upload a cover letter with the manuscript presenting a justification for the length of the manuscript to request the Chief Editor’s approval of the overage.


  • Line spacing: All copy (including the references and list of figure captions) must be double spaced and have appropriate margins. AMS defines double spacing as no more than three lines of text per inch (2.5 cm).
  • Paragraph spacing: Paragraph breaks must be visually designated. Please either indent the first line of each new paragraph or insert an extra line space between the paragraphs (the extra line should leave at least 5/8 in. or 1.5 cm of white space).

Page and line numbering:

All submissions must include line numbering and the pages must be numbered sequentially.


All text should be black and sized to 12 point font or larger.

Order of elements: 

Title Page, Abstract, Body Text, Acknowledgments (if any), Appendixes (if any), References, Tables, Figure Caption List, Figures. See Components of a Manuscript for further details regarding each element. Supplemental Material intended for electronic-only publication may be uploaded in separate files and will be included in peer review.