Components of a Manuscript

Title Page:

The manuscript title, name and affiliation of each author, any current or additional affiliations, and corresponding author e-mail need to appear on the first page in the manuscript file.


A concise (≤250 words) abstract is required at the beginning of each article and, at the discretion of the chief editors, at the beginning of appropriate shorter contributions. Authors should summarize their conclusions and methods in the abstract. First-person construction (e.g., I/my/we/our) and reference citations are not permitted. Please note the abstract text in the manuscript must match exactly the abstract text entered in the abstract field of the upload system.

Capsule (for BAMS only):

Include in the text of the manuscript (before or after the abstract) a short (20-30 words maximum) Capsule Summary of your Article (no capsule is required for Nowcast, InBox, or Meeting Summary manuscripts.) The Capsule Summary will be placed underneath the title and authors of your article. The more detailed Abstract will be placed on a separate page in the front of the magazine.

Body Text:

The text should be divided into sections, each with a separate heading and numbered consecutively. The section/subsection headings should be typed on a separate line [e.g., 1. Introduction, a. Data, 1) RADIOSONDE, and (i) Experiment 1].  (Sections in BAMS need not be numbered)


The AMS requires that all topically relevant funding sources, including recipients and grant numbers, as well as conflicts of interest, are fully disclosed in the Acknowledgments of all submissions. Please omit the word “number” from grant or contract information.


Auxiliary analyses or tables whose details are subordinate to the main theme of the paper should normally appear in an appendix. Please note that any tables or figures intended to appear in an appendix should not be embedded and must be located after the references with the other manuscript tables and figures. Each appendix must have a title. Example:

Use of Model Data

References and Citations:

References should be arranged alphabetically without numbering. Details regarding formatting of references can be accessed here. The in-text citation should consist of the author's name and year of publication, [e.g., “according to Rossby (1945),” or “as shown by an earlier study (Rossby 1945)”]. When there are two or more papers by the same author in the same year, the distinguishing suffix (a,b, etc.) should be added.


The tables cannot be embedded in the body of the manuscript. They should appear after the references and before the figures. Each table must be cited specifically in the text and in numerical order. All tables should have a double-spaced caption. Authors should use font styles such as bold and italic to highlight information within the table. Tables cannot contain shading or underlining; footnotes can be used to convey additional information.

Figure captions:

Each figure must have an adequate caption, and the full caption text must appear beneath the figure in the built PDF. In addition, a list of figure captions must be included in the manuscript at the revision stage. The list should appear after the references and before the figures are displayed individually.


The figures cannot be embedded in the body of the manuscript. The figures should display once at the end of the system-built PDF with the full caption text.  It is the policy of the AMS Publications Commission that the use of color in figures during peer review must match the color or black and white format that will appear in print. Note that BAMS encourages the use of color by authors and does not levy additional charges for color figures.

Please note all figure source files for production are required at the revision stage. The print-quality original figure files must be uploaded in one of the accepted formats for Journals or BAMS. Individual figure files should contain only a single figure, and multiple-panel figures that will appear on a single page should be combined into a single file whenever possible. Color figures should be generated in RGB mode. Authors should submit one complete figure per file. Technical editors may resize the figures for layout purposes. Additional digital art guidelines can also be accessed online. Note: it is the policy of the AMS Publications Commission that the final published print and online versions of manuscripts must be identical including in the use of color.

For additional information regarding which item type to select when uploading your figure source files, please refer to the list of item types.

Supplemental Material:

An electronic supplement should contain material that is typically not part of a standard journal article; the supplementary material should not be essential to the article itself, which must stand alone. Supplements should not be used as a vehicle to circumvent manuscript word limits or page charges.

Examples of material that may be appropriate for supplements:
 - animations
 - small datasets
 - computer codes not available through data citation
 - tables too large to be formatted properly on a printed journal page
 - a compilation of graphics that are not essential for understanding the article

Examples of material that are not appropriate for supplements: 
 - material that is suitable for inclusion in an appendix (descriptions of datasets, models, or techniques, etc.)
 - additional figures and/or text that would be considered more appropriate as part of the article itself

Journal Editors and, if requested, peer reviewers will evaluate electronic supplements using the same scientific standards as is used for the rest of the manuscript to determine if they are appropriate and truly supplemental. Unlike the article itself, supplementary material does not undergo copy and technical editing (except for BAMS). Supplements are linked to the article online when published and are assigned their own DOI number.

Editors will have the ultimate responsibility for determining whether the supplement is appropriate and acceptable.  Authors should provide a short justification to the editor that explains how the supplement will benefit the readers of the article, and why the material is not included in the article.  Supplements with excessive length will not be approved.

Supplemental material should not be included in the main manuscript file.  It should be in a separate file (designated with the item type "Supplemental Material" during the submission process).  Authors can choose to upload a single file, a zip file containing multiple files, or several separate files.