A note about accessibility: When preparing your figures, please select color palettes that effectively convey the meaning of the figure but are legible for readers with color vision impairment. Further guidance can be found in the Accessibility section.
On this page:
|AI||Adobe Illustrator||Can contain vector and raster information. Save with fonts embedded.|
|CDX, CDXML||ChemDraw Exchange||Popular molecule editor application.|
|EPS||Encapsulated PostScript||Can contain vector and raster information. Save with fonts embedded.|
|JPEG||Joint Photographic Expert Group||Raster file format that uses an adjustable lossy compression system. This means in order to achieve smaller file sizes some quality is lost. If Max or High quality settings are used, then JPEG is an acceptable format for print and online.|
|PPT/ PPTX||Microsoft Power Point||Can contain either vector or raster information. Use standard fonts (base 14) to avoid potential delays due to missing fonts.|
|DOC/ DOCX||Microsoft Word Document||Same as above.|
|XLS/XLSX||Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet||Same as above.|
|Portable Document File||Can contain vector and raster information. Use high-resolution/high-quality compression settings when created. Save with fonts embedded.|
|PNG||Portable Network Graphics||Raster file format very similar to JPEG.|
|PSD||Adobe Photoshop Document||Native file format of popular image editor.|
|TIFF||Tagged Image File Format||Raster image file format.|
Low-resolution images are one of the leading causes of art resubmission and schedule delays. Submitted raster (i.e., pixel based) images must meet the minimum resolution requirements. Raster images can be classified as monochrome (line art), halftone, or combination halftone. Some of the common raster file formats that cannot be accepted are GIF, BMP, and PS.
Vector images are typically generated using drawing or illustration programs (e.g., Adobe Illustrator) and are composed of mathematically defined geometric shapes—lines, objects, and fills. Vector graphics are resolution independent and can be sized up or down without quality loss.
PowerPoint slides, Excel graphs, or images embedded in Word are acceptable formats. When creating the original file in a Microsoft Office application, follow these general rules to ensure that the initial file is properly prepared:
All color image files must be submitted in their original RGB color. This will ensure that the brightest possible RGB colors will show online, as the RGB color space (light based) is capable of producing more saturated colors than the CMYK (ink based) color space. Please be aware that some colors may become destaturated when figure images are converted to CMYK for print. This occurs most significantly with bright greens, oranges, and blues, as seen in the example below.
To ensure the best possible conversion to CMYK for the printed journal, when you work with raster images, use an application that supports ICC profiles, such as Adobe Photoshop. Be sure to always embed the originating ICC profile when saving the file. This is usually the default behavior. For example, this screen shot is from the "Save As..." dialog box in Photoshop. The box to embed the ICC profile is checked by default; do not uncheck it. If you are using a different application, please see the appropriate documentation to ensure you are properly embedding the ICC profiles.
Authors are strongly encouraged to prepare their color figures so that the use of color effectively conveys the point of the figure, while ensuring that color-blind readers will be able to distinguish the various colors used and fully comprehend the figure. The following resources can assist authors in accomplishing this goal:
“Somewhere over the rainbow: How to make effective use of colors in meteorological visualizations.” A BAMS article by Stauffer et al. (2015; doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00155.1).
“Tips for designing scientific figures for color blind readers.” An online post by Luk Cox of Somersault18:24.
AMS journals have standard widths for figures in our print journals and online PDFs (see table). In-figure text or other details may affect the final size. For example, AMS may set a figure larger than the standard width to ensure clarity. Alternatively, AMS may set a figure smaller than the standard width if there is less detail or if in-figure text is large. The height of a figure may also affect the final size. Other sizing exceptions exist.
Note that submitted figures may be at larger than the standard widths. This can be beneficial, for example, during the peer review process.
|Original width||Final width*|
|2/3 page width||27||4.5||11.4|
|More than two columns||39||6.5||16.5|
* Unit conversion: 1 pica ≅ 0.167 in. or 0.423 cm.
Authors interested in having their article featured on the BAMS cover should note that cover decisions are made by the Editor-in-Chief and graphics staff after a manuscript is accepted. Do not include a cover illustration during Peer Review.
Please note these general guidelines:
Images that appear on the cover of BAMS should engage and extend the Society and the community. BAMS prefers images that are unique, creative, and compelling to a general audience, yet also have a scientific base that encourages the educated science reader to read the article. The image should communicate a visual message at a glance. Thus, it is best if the proposed graphic is a single image, not a collage or technical figure that one would normally find within an article. Cover images cannot duplicate figures within the manuscript and cannot be cited in the text.
Also note that the cost for the BAMS cover is $2,150.00. This cost cannot be waived.
After your manuscript is accepted, please contact BAMS Managing Editor Bryan Hanssen if you are interested in suggesting a possible image for the BAMS cover.
We are interested in images you feel would enhance your article if used on the opening page (see examples in any recent issue of BAMS). If you would like to suggest an image, please email it to BAMS Managing Editor Bryan Hanssen along with a description of the image and photo credit. Do not duplicate any of the figures in the article. We cannot promise to use the images, as our layout staff time is limited, but we are working to move forward in this area and appreciate your help.