The Ark-La-Tex Chapter of the American Meteorological Society held its 1st meeting of 2012 on February 6th at the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Shreveport. This meeting began at 6:30 pm, with eleven members present.
Marty Mayeaux, Meteorologist with the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Shreveport, gave a presentation entitled “Fire Climatology across East Texas and Southwest Arkansas”. In his presentation, Mayeaux explained the lack of occurrences (only two) of Red Flag Warnings that had been issued in the NWS-Shreveport Forecast Area since 2007. He has comprised a local research study into observed relative humidities and wind speeds during wildfire episodes across East Texas and Southwest Arkansas, to address the potential to change the Red Flag Warning criteria amongst the various forestry partners within the WFO-Shreveport County Warning Area. His results concluded that while the relative humidity threshold is being met during many of these episodes of wildfires, the wind speed criteria is not. The Shreveport Forecast Office is in communication with the Texas Forest Service, and U.S. Department of Forestry, for the potential change in Red Flag Warning criteria across its area of responsibility.
Following the presentation, President Jason Hansford held a short business meeting to discuss future meetings for this year, and also collected the yearly dues. Hansford also presided over the 2012 AMS Chapter officer elections, where he was re-elected President. Bryan Walter was elected Vice-President, while Leslie Sexton was re-elected Treasurer. Since the Secretary position remained vacant after the election, the duties of the position will be distributed to the duties of President and Vice-President.
The following members were present:
Jason Hansford, President
Bryan Walter, Vice-President
Leslie Sexton, Treasurer
J. Alan Goddard
The meeting adjourned at 8:00 PM.---Jason Hansford.
DELAWARE - PHILADELPHIA
Meeting Minutes – Winter Weather Forum
Monday, February 13th, 2012
National Weather Service, Mount Holly, New Jersey
On Feb 23, 2012, our Emerald Coast AMS chapter met at the McKinley Climatic Lab on Eglin AFB. We had nine people in attendance at the meeting. After discussing some brief chapter business, we were welcomed by Mr. Matt McCarty, who is a climatic test engineer at the Lab. After some introductory comments about the lab, Mr. McCarty showed us a video about the history of the lab and its current capabilities for testing various weather parameters on military aircraft, other military equipment, and various projects for civilian companies such as testing of aircraft engines, and cold weather testing for automobiles. The hangar, which is the largest facility of its kind in the world, can be heated to as warm as 165 deg F or cooled to as low as -65 deg F. Other weather parameters that can be tested include rain, freezing rain, snow, and high wind conditions. In October of 1997, the lab was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.---Dave Biggar.
The High Plains Chapter held a special conference call on Thursday, February 23rd, which began at 2:30 PM CST. Rick Ewald/SOO from Hasting, NE served as the call organizer. There were 13 other members logged into the conference call, including the current officers, 3 MICs, and 1 AMIC, as well as several other members. The purpose of the this call was to discuss whether or not the HP Chapter should host a conference this year, scheduled for Hastings, NE this year. Travel budgets have been severely reduced for NWS employees, and since most of our conference attendees have been government employees, the attendance would likely be significantly reduced. It was the consensus from each WFO office to postpone the 2012 HP conference until at least 2013, which would also be held in Hastings. The feeling was to wait until the 2013 funds were revealed, to decide on the 2013 conference until later. Aaron Johnson/SOO from Dodge City, KS made the suggestion that each of us should start thinking about creative ways to host a conference, and even regular HP meetings, such as Webinars, Go-To-Meetings, virtual speakers, etc. Teresa Keck from North Platte, NE suggested checking into the CART rooms available in many colleges and libraries, to perhaps hold ITV or virtual meetings. The next meeting will be Wed, March 14th, via an electric/telecom meeting. We ended today’s call at 2:55 PM CST.---Tim Burke.
February Meeting Minutes---Mayra Oyola.
The President Elect, Marshall Sheppard addressing students and young professionals at the Colour of Weather Reception
HU/AMS Eboard with Dr. Warren Washington
HU/AMS Eboard members with President Elect, Marshall Shepard
IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
February Meeting Minutes.---Ryan Lueck.
Mega-droughts of the 10th Century could return to a warmer western U.S.
The Los Angeles chapter met at the University of Southern California to listen to guest speaker Dr. Lowell Stott, Professor of Earth Sciences, discuss his latest research project on climate variability in the western United States. His talk was titled, “Is the Hydroclimate Changing? A Look at Interdecadal Climate Variability in the Western U.S.” His discussion described a new project funded by NSF that Dr. Stott is conducting along with researchers at the University of Hawaii, University of Colorado and University of California, Santa Cruz. The project looks at the possibility that current warming may lead to drought conditions more like those of the warmer 10th Century, when the western U.S. experienced decades long mega-droughts. Dr. Stott uses isotopes of oxygen, where the ratio of 18O to 16O in precipitation can be linked to temperatures. A higher ratio is associated with more tropical precipitation, while lower ratios denote higher latitude storms. By using these isotope “tracers”, the team has found a trend of decreasing subtropical moisture. Looking at atmospheric trends, winter geopotential heights have risen, while precipitable water shows a decreasing percentage of subtropical sources. Dr. Stott is also working with JPL NASA scientists at analyzing winter snows in the Sierras and Cascades using remote sensing techniques.
In the second part of Dr. Stott’s project, he is looking at the cause of mega-droughts in the 10th Century using oxygen isotopes in tree ring cellulose data. The goal is to see how and when recent warming may trigger extended droughts. There was a great deal of discussion by chapter members dealing with the implications of mega-droughts on the heavily populated southwest as well as on agriculture in California.---Steve LaDochy.
Meeting Type: General Meeting
Date: February 2, 2012
Meeting in Session: 8:35 pm
Meeting Ended: 8:48 pm
Meeting Type: General Meeting- Fundraiser
Date: February 29, 2012
Meeting in Session: 8:35 pm
Meeting Ended: 10:20 pm
Town Hall Meeting
Start: 8:35 pm
End: 9:41 pm
The February meeting was called to order at 7:00 pm; President Greg Story asked those in attendance who were new to introduce themselves. The business part of the meeting was shortened to allow more time for our speaker Tim Marshall. Tim gave an excellent presentation on “Surveying the Joplin Missouri EF5 Tornado of May 2011” Tim spoke about the buildings were constructed, the good and the bad. He also pointed out that even things close to the ground (like the concrete parking lot blocks) had been moved. There was an overflow crowd in attendance this month.---Bobette Mauck.
-OUCAMS held a Krispy Kreme doughnut fundraiser and raised close to $200 for the chapter. This money will go towards our annual symposium, which will be held on April 14th from 1-4pm on the OU campus.
-We are currently working in specialized committees to finalize preparations for our upcoming symposium. Our hospitality chair sold networking dinner tickets to student members. The networking dinner will take place after the symposium. Students are encouraged to network with our speakers.
-During winter quarter, the chapter continued our peer speaking series, which allows students who have done research or held internships to share their experiences with the rest of the chapter.
-The chapter officers and advisor continue to inform students as well as encourage them to apply for scholarships and internships.
-OUCAMS helped California University of PA with their Stormfest event. Here we assisted with weather demos, projects, and crafts provided for the general public. Over 3,000 individuals attended the event.---Elise Dolinar.
February Meeting Minutes.---Steve Pierce.
OSWEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
February was a relatively slow month for the Oswego State Chapter. We spent the month planning our attendance to Lyndon State’s Northeast Storm Conference that was schedules for March 2-4. Our club also ordered jackets with our club logo on it for the members who were interested, and they look great, if I do say so myself. We’ve also started to plan our own conference, the Great Lakes Atmospheric Science Symposium (GLASS). If you would like more information, or if you would like to present at GLASS, you can visit our website at http://www.oswego.edu/news_weather/weather/.---Daniela Pirraglia.
February 2012 Chapter News
After everyone got back from the AMS 2012 conference at the end of January, The Rutgers University Chapter had some down time in terms of formal meetings to ensure that everyone that went on the trip was able to catch up with school and get back into the swing of classes. The Eboard had a meeting to plan for things to come on the morning of Saturday the 18th at a local IHOP. Future plans for the rescheduling of Bill Evans this semester was discussed as well as some school outreach programs we have in the works. Our planning for Northeast Storms Conference was also taken care of including organizing the transportation, rooms and making sure we had all the paper work for all the attendees. We held a general club meeting on Thursday the 23rd at which we got all the permission forms signed. The Club also had a fun game of our Meteorology Jeopardy to finish up the meeting that evening.---Jeffrey Mart.
February Meeting Minutes
TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
For our February TAMSCAMS meeting, in addition to our normal meeting, we were honored to have Dr. Paul Markowski as our guest speaker. We had a great turnout to hear Dr. Markowski speak about his work on Vortex 2. We also have several upcoming events that many of the members are very excited about. Among these events are Aggieland Saturday (recruiting high school students), Big Event (the largest student run service project in the nation), Weather Camp (an event to get elementary students interested in weather), and an event to help Boy Scouts earn their weather merit badge. Spring trip was also brought up. Though the plans are still in the works, many members showed interest in the plan to visit SPC and NSSL as a spring trip. We also expect a high turnout for Skywarn training which is to be held at the beginning of March. This means that our March meeting will be held a week early (February 28) with our guest speaker Dr. Jeff Trapp.---Kristen Collier.
UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA - HUNTSVILLE
February Meeting Minutes.---Christina Branson.
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA
UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA
Minutes for General Meeting
February 21st, 2011
This meeting was held at the National Weather Center, in Room 1313. This meeting began with OU Meteorology Student Meagan Rowlison talking about the SPaRCE (Schools of the Pacific Rainfall Climate Experiment) program. This program essentially collects rainfall data from schools in remote Pacific islands, while also getting the children there interested in weather. The program has been doing very well lately, and Meagan would like OUSCAMS members to write outreach letters to the schools collecting data, to let them know that their participation in the program is appreciated.
Next, Jennifer Newman talked about the success of the Valentine’s Day Fundraiser. Over $200 was raised from this fundraiser, which will benefit Relay for Life. And while on the topic of Relay for Life, Emily Thompson briefly talked about the actual Relay for Life event, which takes place on April 21st. Emily then talked about the Big Event, which takes place a week earlier, on April 14th. Sign-up forms are now available for those who would like to participate in the Big Event.
Next, Pat Hyland talked about several outreach events. The movie Tornado Alley is premiering at the Oklahoma City IMAX on March 9th and 10th, and OUSCAMS members are needed to do some weather demos on both days. Also, 90 fourth graders are visiting the National Weather Center on March 15th, and OUSCAMS members are also needed to do weather demos on that day. Finally, on April 22nd, OUSCAMS has a booth on the Earth Day event at Reeves Park in Norman, and people are needed to staff that booth.
Next, Lauren Duhon talked about the upcoming Talent Show which takes place on April 27th. Volunteers with talents are needed to perform, particularly freshmen who are willing to participate in the Freshman Dance. Proceeds from this show will go to the American Red Cross to aid in natural disaster relief.
With all announcements out of the way, Randy Peppler, the main speaker at this meeting, took the stage. First, Randy spoke about the folk science understanding of the April 27th tornado hazard in Alabama and Mississippi.
According to Dr. Peppler, to truly be able to warn people in the Deep South more effectively when it comes to these storms, meteorologists should be able to understand what goes into a person’s understanding of the risk that comes with these storms. They should also be able to understand what goes into a person’s decision making a response once the sirens do sound. Many different things go into these three factors. Things that happened in the past may influence these factors – things such as personal observations, past experiences with tornadoes, and repeated exposure to tornadoes over time. Also, people may gather weather information from outside sources of many kinds. And finally, folk science plays a huge role in these three factors. Folk science is defined as local ways of knowing that allow people to frame and understand tornado hazards in their own uniquely situation places of understanding.
Dr. Peppler then showed a conglomerate of photos and quotes from the area, to give us a sense of how people from the area are aware of tornado dangers. The general theme of the photos and quotes was to show that many people saw the place that they live in as a place that has less of a chance of getting hit by a tornado than other places due to a certain environment. One example was a man in Alabama, who thought he lived in a place where “tornadoes just don’t hit”, because a tornado has missed his house by a few miles about ten years ago. Another example was that many people in an Alabama town that got hit thought that the main reason for increased tornado activity was because some hills by their town had been demolished to make way for a new interstate highway.
Dr. Peppler then moved on to the second part of his presentation – local weather and climate knowledge among Native American farmers in Oklahoma. This present consisted of several excerpts from Randy’s dissertation defense. He chose to work with Native American farmers for his dissertation because to be successful, they have to be aware of their surroundings, which obviously includes what type of weather is going to be affecting them on a daily basis. In 2009, he met with a group of farmers in Anadarko, and explained his work, proposed data, what worth this data would be to the farmers, and how he would share their information. They approved of his project, so he interviewed many farmers over a period of 3 years to see what type of weather and climate knowledge they had – both scientific knowledge and traditional knowledge that had been passed down to them over the years. For example, according Dixon Palmer, one of the most successful farmers in the Anadarko area, “the best way to do things is to look at the sky and look at the animals and plants.” This includes such things as noticing that when turtles move a certain way, it is going to rain on a certain day. Dr. Peppler’s conclusion from his dissertation was that people use their own observations to make decisions on a day to day basis of how the weather is going to affect them.
This meeting was the adjourned. The next general meeting will be on Tuesday, March 14th, during which Dr. Michael Biggerstaff will be speaking.---Emily Thompson.
UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO AT MAYAGÜEZ
Activity: Recognition by Mayagüez municipality
On February 1st, the chapter was invited to a recognition ceremony during Mayagüez municipality’s annual “fiestas patronales”, which are traditional celebrations held in Latin American countries in honor of patron saints or virgins. Representatives from Mayagüez’s and UPRM’s administration recognized the chapter’s recent accomplishments, including the award for Outstanding Student Chapter of the Year and the 1st place award in the Student Chapter Poster Competition at the 92nd AMS Annual Meeting. Chapter members who attended the Annual Meeting were extremely honored to receive an official proclamation from Mayagüez municipality (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Chapter members who attended the 92nd AMS Annual Meeting were given a proclamation acknowledging the awards received at the conference.
The monthly meeting was held on February 9 at 10:45 a.m. A total of 30 members attended. Chapter officers offered a summary of past activities, a financial report, and an update of the preparations for the annual Weather Festival to keep the members informed and on track. All of the chapter’s committees had been meeting regularly in preparation for the Weather Festival, and members were assigned specific tasks. Other future events, such as the upcoming SKYWARN Weather Spotters training, the blood drive, and the monthly Weather Today, were also discussed during the meeting. The members were encouraged to suggest other activities of their interest to relax from a stressful semester.
Activity: “Love is in the air”
On February 9, immediately after the monthly meeting, the chapter celebrated Valentine’s Day with this exciting event. Chapter members were able to share experiences over refreshments under a relaxed atmosphere. The officers recognized the work of a chapter friend and collaborator, Alexander Rodríguez, a theoretical physics student and former historian of the Society of Physics Students at UPRM. Alexander has provided tremendous support to our activities by helping design flyers, banners, the chapter’s 2012 Weather Festival logo, the chapter’s weather channel Juracán TV’s digital studio, and the award-winning chapter poster. The chapter recognized his ability to transform the members’ ideas into striking promotional material, often also granting us ideas of his own. This acknowledgment was followed by an amusing candy exchange among the members (Figure 2). After randomly drawing names, each member mentioned a good quality of the person whose name they had drawn before giving off the candy. They then mentioned other distinctive qualities of the person so that the other attendees could guess who the person was. The members got better acquainted and learned good qualities about each other while filling the room with laughter. Cards with amiable messages that were sold among members for fundraising were delivered during this activity.
Figure 2. Chapter members learned about each other during an amusing candy exchange.
Activity: SKYWARN Training
The first SKYWARN Weather Spotters training hosted by the chapter at UPRM was held on February 11. About twenty members of Puerto Rico Emergency Management Agency participated with the chapter in this innovative effort to serve the community. Ernesto Morales, lead forecaster at the National Weather Service-Weather Forecasting Office (NWS-WFO) in San Juan, kindly agreed to offer the training at Mayagüez. The purpose of this NWS initiative is to prepare volunteers to provide real-time weather reports to the agency. Morales’ training was focused on Puerto Rico’s weather, emphasizing our region’s typical events and particular needs of our community. He provided guidance on the delivery of reports to the NWS and highlighted their relevance. At the end of the activity, a total of 27 enthusiastic members were officially certified as SKYWARN Weather Spotters. They are now well prepared to help the community by serving NWS’s mission to protect life and property.
Activity: Interview with “Prensa RUM”
On February 16, UPRM media station, Prensa RUM, interviewed the chapter officers and the director of the Atmospheric Science and Meteorology Program, Dr. Hector Jimenez. Although the interview was mainly focused on the chapter’s recent accomplishments, the interviewer also asked about the chapter’s mission and endeavors. The interview served as a means of sharing information with the UPRM community about the chapter, AMS, and the Atmospheric Science and Meteorology Program. The article appeared on UPRM’s home page (www.uprm.edu) for a week and can be currently accessed at:
Activity: Blood Drive
On February 27, the chapter jointly hosted a blood drive with the UPRM chapter of the Society of Physics Students. The extensive propaganda spread throughout UPRM paid off when 70 individuals showed up at the Physics Building to donate blood. Chapter members who were unable to donate were asked to find and bring someone who could. Fifty of the attendees were able to donate, allowing the chapter to exactly meet its goal. A total of 200 lives could be saved with the blood collected during this event.
Activity: Visit to the Puerto Rico Seismic Network
The chapter’s Weather Today committee scheduled a visit to the Puerto Rico Seismic Network (PRSN) on February 28 as their monthly activity. Fifteen members took advantage of this opportunity to learn about earthquakes, tsunamis, and the PRSN instrumentation and data acquisition processes. The attendees received educational material and polished their preparation for non weather-related natural disasters.
Activity: Hot Dog and Donut Sales
Hungry students passing through the Physics Building were satiated when the chapter reconvened its popular hot dog and donut sales. Chapter members were even more active than before in participating in these fundraising efforts. In total, three sales were held during this month (February 6, 13, and 21).
WEST CENTRAL FLORIDA
MEETING MINUTES – WCFLAMS Chapter
Communicating Storm Surge Risk
February 15, 2012
University of South Florida
Dr. Betty Morrow
Consulting Sociologist, SocResearch
Dr. Betty H. Morrow is a Professor Emerita of Sociology at Florida International University with over 30 years of university research and teaching experience, particularly in the areas of disaster sociology, risk communication, gender and family studies. Dr. Morrow received a BS in Home Economics from Ohio State University, a MA in Guidance and Counseling from the University of Miami, a PhD in Educational Research from the University of Miami, and a MS in Sociology from Florida State University. Since retiring from FIU, Dr. Morrow has been involved with state and federal agencies as a consulting sociologist, in projects related to risk communication, community vulnerability, and emergency management, including evacuation behavioral studies. Currently Dr. Morrow is working on several projectswith colleagues atthe National Center on Atmospheric Research and NOAA’s Coastal Services Center related to hurricane forecast communicationx as well as an evacuation behavioral study for the Virginia Regional Catastrophic Preparedness Project (with Hugh Gladwin).
Photo: WCFLAMS Officers with Dr. Morrow. L-R: Nancy Knight, Dr. Jennifer Collins, Dr. Betty Morrow, Brian LaMarre, and Matt Bolton
(Photo Credit: Ashlyn Bolton)
Dr. Betty Morrow presented on communicating storm surge risk to the general public, and ways to improve the communication of storm surge forecasts. In keeping with the National Weather Service mission to save lives, hurricane forecast accuracy has steadily improved over the past several decades. She broke risk into three main factors: hazard, exposure, and probability; and in order to convey to the public the issues associated with storm surge, all three factors must be addressed. Dr. Morrow stated that improvements in forecasting can be negated by residents’ tendency to underrate the dangers associated with storm surge.
Dr. Morrow used recent examples of Hurricane Katrina in Mississippi and Galveston Island during Hurricane Rita. She stated that until people understand surge risk and evacuate accordingly, extensive loss of life will continue to occur. Dr. Morrow described the main reasons why Hurricane Katrina was so devastating to the Gulf Coast; however, she quickly pointed out that bad forecasting was not a reason. In fact, 24 hours prior to Katrina making landfall, a warning clearly stated that a catastrophic hurricane was headed for the Northern Gulf, and initially Katrina was forecasted to make landfall stronger than it did. A lot of factors contributed to loss experienced from Katrina including: insufficient resources, transportation and cash, having no place to go, not enough time; however, there were still individuals with these resources that did not evacuate. They clearly did not understand the danger.
Dr. Morrow discussed whether people really understand storm surge. She described educational resources out there, such as a surge website from the National Hurricane Center. She showed a short video from that site that she thinks is effective in depicting the violence of storm surge. She pointed out that understanding storm surge is not sufficient, and in order to facilitate a response, the public must fear surge. One alteration to communicating surge risk to the publicthat Dr. Morrow suggestedis by changing the public advisory. She pointed out that the storm surge risk information is often near the bottom of the report and does not stand out and catch the eye. Dr. Morrow also suggested that alerting the public prior to an impending storm is vital in storm surge communication. There needs to be a better job of conveying the risk to property and lives. New LIDAR mapping and SLOSH modeling have resulted in better maps of surge potential throughout the U.S. coasts. Inundation maps have been made for coastal regions all throughout the United States. Surge and evacuation zones need to be understood by the public. In order to alert the public to their flood zones communication efforts must be personalized. Such methods to personalize storm surge are through the creation of community landmarks showing how high a certain storm surge would reach or through color-coding landmarks throughout a region where each color corresponds to a certain evacuation zone. Dr. Morrow stated that using methods that people see on a daily basis, can help increase awareness of surge risk and promote appropriate evacuation.
The language used to communicate risk plays a major role in understanding the dangers. Surge levels are now reported in feet above ground level. People need to understand that this means their elevations have already been taken into count. It means“a storm surge of this level will flood your property this much.” Personalization is the key when attempting to influence citizens to evacuate.
Dr. Morrow addressed the probability of people responding to storm surge risk, and made a significant point that people often take actions with uncertain outcomes based on the potential consequences. People tend to accept risk if the consequences are not dire. Therefore conveying a risk of loss of life or appealing to parents to think about their children, creates an important motive for evacuation. Risk communication must invoke reasons to leave that exceed the motives to stay. For example, she stated that elderly individuals tend to stay rather than evacuate for multiple reasons, but due to this, other family members will often stay behind as well. Therefore, risk communication must convey to the elderly that evacuation of everyone is not only for your benefit, but for your loved ones.
In all, communicating storm surge risk must take a personal approach in order to facilitate a response from the public. Forecasting storm surge and hurricanes is too advanced to allow for the deaths that occurred during recent events such as Hurricane Katrina and Rita. Warning systems through technology and even simple methods such as color-coding landmarks can go a long way in preventing deaths due to storm surge. In reality there are four factors associated with how people view risk, (not three as earlier stated): the hazard, their exposure, the probability and personal factors. Those involved in trying to save lives need to understand how personal factors such as resources, health, past hurricane experience, work and family affect risk perception and use this knowledge to tailor forecast messages, education and response. She believes that IF people truly understand their surge risk, they are more likely to make live-saving decisions.
As of February 15th, 2012, the treasury stands at $836.67
A total of 126 WCFLAMS members, USF students, and professionals attended the meeting, either in person or through our Livestream broadcast. Our Livestream viewers included several professionals from FEMA and NOAA, as well as faculty from Louisiana State University, among others. We also had several international viewers.---David Roache, Justin Hartnett, and Jennifer Collins with contributions from Matt Bolton.
On February 25, 2011, the West Texas Chapter of the American Meteorological Society put on the 6th Annual Severe Weather Awareness Day. Approximately 1600 people from the community attended the free event intended to educate the public about severe weather safety. Local partners included the Lubbock NWS office, State Farm Insurance, KCBD news channel, Lubbock Emergency Management, Red Cross, the South Plains storm spotting team, and the Lubbock Science Spectrum. Weather experiments were demonstrated for attendees by chapter members, and several partner booths were set up to provide information for the public. Each station provided a weather safety tip for everyone. A contest was put on for students at local schools to create a poster demonstrating weather safety advice.
KCBD broadcast meteorologists attended the event and gave individuals an opportunity to see what it is like to talk about the weather on television. Prizes contributed by local businesses were raffled each hour. These included Texas Tech University apparel, weather safety kits, and some valuable Midland weather radios. Regular demonstrations were done of the Science Spectrum’s eight foot tall Tesla coil and Van de Graaff generator. Also displayed were instrumentation used by Texas Tech University researchers in the study of severe weather. These included the StickNet platforms and the TTUKa mobile Doppler radars.
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